Sobemovirus

VIRION

Non enveloped virion, about 30 nm in diameter with a T=3 icosahedral symmetry (180 protein subunits).

GENOME

Monopartite, linear, ssRNA(+) genome of 4 kb. The 5' terminus has a genome-linked protein (VPg). The 3' terminus is not polyadenylated. Some sobemoviruses encapsidate a circular viroid-like satellite RNA (220-390nt).

GENE EXPRESSION

The virion RNA is infectious and serves as both the genome and viral messenger RNA. ORF1 and ORF2 are translated via leaky scanning . ORF2 is a polyprotein which is presumably cleaved into a serine-protease, a VPg and a RdRp protein. The viral serine protease is responsible for all the cleavages. ORF3 is translated via a -1 ribosomal frameshifting. Replication produces a subgenomic RNA which encodes for the capsid protein (ORF4).
Cocksfoot mottle sobemovirus polyprotein is encoded by two different ORFs, the second one is translated via a -1 ribosomal frameshifting. The equivalent of ORF3 is not present.

REPLICATION

CYTOPLASMIC

  1. Virus penetrates into the host cell.
  2. Uncoating, and release of the viral genomic RNA into the cytoplasm.
  3. The viral RNA is translated to produce replication proteins, ORF2 polyprotein is processed by the viral protease.
  4. Replication takes place in cytoplasmic viral factories. A dsRNA genome is synthesized from the genomic ssRNA(+).
  5. The dsRNA genome is transcribed/replicated thereby providing viral mRNAs/new ssRNA(+) genomes.
  6. Expression of the subgenomic RNA encoding for ORF4 capsid protein.
  7. Virus assembly.
  8. Viral movement protein probably mediates virion cell-to-cell transfer.

Host-virus interaction

Suppression of RNA silencing

Cocksfoot mottle virus P1 protein acts as a suppressor of RNA silencing .

Matching UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries

12 entries grouped by protein (browse by keywords)

3 entries

Capsid protein (CP) (Coat protein)

Select_allDeselect_all
CAPSD_CFMVN
Cocksfoot mottle virus (isolate Dactylis glomerata/Norway/CfMV-NO/1995) (CfMV) reference strain

Capsid protein (CP) (Coat protein) (Protein P4)

CAPSD_SBMVA
Southern bean mosaic virus (isolate Bean/United States/Arkansas) (SBMV) reference strain
CAPSD_SCPMV
Southern cowpea mosaic virus (SCPMV) (Southern bean mosaic virus (strain cowpea)) reference strain

Capsid protein (Coat protein)

3 entries

Movement protein P1 (Cell-to-cell transport protein)

Select_allDeselect_all
MVP_CFMVN
Cocksfoot mottle virus (isolate Dactylis glomerata/Norway/CfMV-NO/1995) (CfMV) reference strain
MVP_SBMVA
Southern bean mosaic virus (isolate Bean/United States/Arkansas) (SBMV) reference strain
MVP_SCPMV
Southern cowpea mosaic virus (SCPMV) (Southern bean mosaic virus (strain cowpea)) reference strain

3 entries

Polyprotein P2A

Select_allDeselect_all
P2A_CFMVN
Cocksfoot mottle virus (isolate Dactylis glomerata/Norway/CfMV-NO/1995) (CfMV) reference strain
P2A_SBMVA
Southern bean mosaic virus (isolate Bean/United States/Arkansas) (SBMV) reference strain
P2A_SCPMV
Southern cowpea mosaic virus (SCPMV) (Southern bean mosaic virus (strain cowpea)) reference strain

3 entries

Replicase polyprotein P2AB

Select_allDeselect_all
RDRP_CFMVN
Cocksfoot mottle virus (isolate Dactylis glomerata/Norway/CfMV-NO/1995) (CfMV) reference strain
RDRP_SBMVA
Southern bean mosaic virus (isolate Bean/United States/Arkansas) (SBMV) reference strain
RDRP_SCPMV
Southern cowpea mosaic virus (SCPMV) (Southern bean mosaic virus (strain cowpea)) reference strain