Isavirus

VIRION

Enveloped. Usually rounded but can be filamentous. The virions are 90-130 nm in diameter.

GENOME

segmented ssRNA(-) linear genome, encapsidated by nucleoprotein (NP) Contains 8 segments coding for at least 8 proteins. Segments size range from 0.8 to 2.2 kb. Genome total size is about 13.5 Kb.

GENE EXPRESSION

Viral RNA polymerase (PB1, PB2 and PA) transcribes one mRNA from each genome segment. Transcription is primed by cap snatching. mRNA are polyadenylated by the viral polymerase stuttering on a poly U track. Segment 7 mRNA can be alternatively spliced, giving rise to mRNA coding for P6 and P7 proteins.

REPLICATION

NUCLEUS

  1. Virus attaches to sialic acid receptor though HA protein and is endocytosed by clathrins in the host cell.
  2. endosome acidification induces fusion of virus membrane with the vesicle membrane; encapsidated RNA segments migrate to the nucleus.
  3. Transcription of genomic segments by the viral polymerase produces mRNAs that are capped and polyadenylated by the viral polymerase.
  4. Replication of genomic segments.
  5. High level of M1 protein induces genomes segments export from nucleus by NEP protein.
  6. Virus assembly and budding occurs at the plasma membrane.

Matching UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries

10 entries grouped by protein (browse by keywords)

1 entry

Fusion glycoprotein F0

FUS_ISAV8
Infectious salmon anemia virus (isolate Atlantic salmon/Norway/810/9/99) (ISAV) reference strain

1 entry

Hemagglutinin-esterase (HE protein) (EC 3.1.1.53)

HEMA_ISAV8
Infectious salmon anemia virus (isolate Atlantic salmon/Norway/810/9/99) (ISAV) reference strain

1 entry

Nucleoprotein (Nucleocapsid protein) (Protein N)

NCAP_ISAV8
Infectious salmon anemia virus (isolate Atlantic salmon/Norway/810/9/99) (ISAV) reference strain

1 entry

Protein P4

P4_ISAV8
Infectious salmon anemia virus (isolate Atlantic salmon/Norway/810/9/99) (ISAV) reference strain

1 entry

Protein P5

P5_ISAV8
Infectious salmon anemia virus (isolate Atlantic salmon/Norway/810/9/99) (ISAV) reference strain

1 entry

Protein P6

P6_ISAV8
Infectious salmon anemia virus (isolate Atlantic salmon/Norway/810/9/99) (ISAV) reference strain

1 entry

Protein P7

P7_ISAV8
Infectious salmon anemia virus (isolate Atlantic salmon/Norway/810/9/99) (ISAV) reference strain

1 entry

Polymerase acidic protein (RNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit P2)

PA_ISAV8
Infectious salmon anemia virus (isolate Atlantic salmon/Norway/810/9/99) (ISAV) reference strain

1 entry

Polymerase basic protein 2 (RNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit P3)

PB2_ISAV8
Infectious salmon anemia virus (isolate Atlantic salmon/Norway/810/9/99) (ISAV) reference strain

1 entry

RNA-directed RNA polymerase catalytic subunit (EC 2.7.7.48) (Polymerase basic protein 1) (PB1) (RNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit P1)

RDRP_ISAV8
Infectious salmon anemia virus (isolate Atlantic salmon/Norway/810/9/99) (ISAV) reference strain