Human viruses and associated pathologies
The table below displays the list of human viral pathogens, with transmission and general facts about associated pathologies.
(See human viruses by Baltimore classification )
Virus Genus, Family Host Transmission Disease genome Proteome
Adeno-associated virus Dependovirus Human, vertebrates Respiratory None Genome Proteome
Aichi virus Kobuvirus Picornaviridae Human Fecal-oral Gastroenteritis Genome Proteome
Australian bat lyssavirus Lyssavirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, bats Zoonosis, animal bite Fatal encephalitis Genome Proteome
BK polyomavirus Polyomavirus,
Polyomaviridae
Human Respiratory fluids or urine None Genome Proteome
Banna virus Seadornavirus Reoviridae Human, cattle, pig, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod bite Encephalitis 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11 Proteome
Barmah forest virus Alphavirus Togaviridae Human, marsupials, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod bite Fever, joint pain Genome Proteome
Bunyamwera virus Orthobunyavirus Bunyaviridae Human, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod bite Encephalitis 1, 2, 3 Proteome
Bunyavirus La Crosse Orthobunyavirus Bunyaviridae Human, deer, mosquitoes, tamias Zoonosis, arthropod bite Encephalitis 1, 2, 3 Proteome
Bunyavirus snowshoe hare Orthobunyavirus Bunyaviridae Human, rodents, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod bite Encephalitis Not available Proteome
Cercopithecine herpesvirus Lymphocryptovirus Herpesviridae Human, monkeys Zoonosis, animal bite Encephalitis Genome Proteome
Chandipura virus Vesiculovirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, sandflies Zoonosis, athropod bite Encephalitis Not available Proteome
Chikungunya virus Alphavirus Togaviridae Human, monkeys, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod bite Fever, joint pain Genome Proteome
Cosavirus A Cosavirus Picornaviridae Human Fecal-oral (probable)-Genome Proteome
Cowpox virus Orthopoxvirus Poxviridae Human, mammals Zoonosis, contact None Genome Proteome
Coxsackievirus Enterovirus,
Picornaviridae
Human Fecal-oral Meningitis, myocarditis, paralysis Genome Proteome
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus Nairovirus Bunyaviridae Human, vertebrates, ticks Zoonosis, arthropod bite Hemorrhagic fever 1, 2, 3 Proteome
Dengue virus Flavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod bite Hemorrhagic fever Genome Proteome
Dhori virus Thogotovirus,
Orthomyxoviridae
Human, ticks Zoonosis, arthropod bite Fever, encephalitis Not available Proteome
Dugbe virus Nairovirus Bunyaviridae Human, ticks Zoonosis, arthropod bite Thrombocytopaenia 1, 2, 3 Proteome
Duvenhage virus Lyssavirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, mammals Zoonosis, animal bite Fatal encephalitis Not available Proteome
Eastern equine encephalitis virus Alphavirus Togaviridae Human, birds, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod bite Encephalitis Genome Proteome
Ebolavirus Ebolavirus Filoviridae Human, monkeys, bats Zoonosis, contact Hemorrhagic fever Genome Proteome
Echovirus Enterovirus,
Picornaviridae
Human Fecal-oral Common cold Genome Proteome
Encephalomyocarditis virus Cardiovirus,
Picornaviridae
Human, mouse, rat, pig Zoonosis Encephalitis Genome Proteome
Epstein-Barr virus Lymphocryptovirus Herpesviridae Human Contact, saliva Mononucleosis Genome Proteome
European bat lyssavirus Lyssavirus,
Rhabdovirus
Human, bats Zoonosis, animal bite Fatal encephalitis Genome Proteome
GB virus C/Hepatitis G virus Pegivirus Flaviviridae Human Blood, occasionally sexual None Genome Proteome
Hantaan virus Hantavirus Bunyaviridae Human, rodents Zoonosis, urine, saliva Renal or respiratory syndrome 1, 2, 3 Proteome
Hendra virus Henipavirus,
paramyxoviridae
Human, horse, bats Zoonosis, animal bite Encephalitis Genome Proteome
Hepatitis A virus Hepatovirus,
picornaviridae
Human Fecal-oral Hepatitis Genome Proteome
Hepatitis B virus Orthohepadnavirus Hepadnaviridae Human, Chimpanzees Sexual contact, blood Hepatitis Genome Proteome
Hepatitis C virus Hepacivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human Sexual, blood Hepatitis Genome Proteome
Hepatitis E virus Hepevirus,
Unassigned
Human, pig, monkeys, some rodents, chicken Zoonosis, food Hepatitis Genome Proteome
Hepatitis delta virus Deltavirus Unassigned Human Sexual contact, blood Hepatitis Genome Proteome
Horsepox virus Orthopoxvirus Poxviridae Human, horses Zoonosis, contact None Not available Proteome
Human adenovirus Mastadenovirus Adenoviridae Human Respiratory, fecal-oral Respiratory Genome Proteome
Human astrovirus Mamastrovirus Astroviridae Human Fecal-oral Gastroenteritis Genome Proteome
Human coronavirus Alphacoronavirus Coronaviridae Human Respiratory Respiratory Genome Proteome
Human cytomegalovirus Cytomegalovirus Herpesviridae Human Contact, urine, saliva Mononucleosis, pneumonia Genome Proteome
Human enterovirus 68, 70 Enterovirus,
Picornaviridae
Human Fecal-oral Diarrhea, neurological disorder Genome Proteome
Human herpesvirus 1 Simplexvirus Herpesviridae Human Sexual contact, saliva Skin lesions Genome Proteome
Human herpesvirus 2 Simplexvirus Herpesviridae Human Sexual contact, saliva Skin lesions Genome Proteome
Human herpesvirus 6 Roseolovirus Herpesviridae Human Respiratory, contact Skin lesions Genome Proteome
Human herpesvirus 7 Roseolovirus Herpesviridae Human Respiratory, contact Skin lesions Genome Proteome
Human herpesvirus 8 Rhadinovirus Herpesviridae Human Sexual contact, saliva Skin lymphoma Genome Proteome
Human immunodeficiency virus Lentivirus Retroviridae Human Sexual contact, blood AIDS Genome Proteome
Human papillomavirus 1 Mupapillomavirus Papillomaviridae Human Contact Skin warts Genome Proteome
Human papillomavirus 2 Alphapapillomavirus Papillomaviridae Human Contact Skin warts Genome Proteome
Human papillomavirus 16,18 Alphapapillomavirus Papillomaviridae Human Sexual Genital warts,
cervical cancer
Genome Proteome
Human parainfluenza Respirovirus,
Paramyxoviridae
Human Respiratory Respiratory Genome Proteome
Human parvovirus B19 Erythrovirus Parvoviridae Human Respiratory Skin lesion Genome Proteome
Human respiratory syncytial virus Pneumovirus,
Paramyxoviridae
Human Respiratory Respiratory Genome Proteome
Human rhinovirus Enterovirus Human Respiratory Respiratory Genome Proteome
Human SARS coronavirus Betacoronavirus Coronaviridae Human, palm civet Zoonosis Respiratory Genome Proteome
Human spumaretrovirus Spumavirus,
Retroviridae
Human Contact, saliva None Not available Proteome
Human T-lymphotropic virus Deltaretrovirus,
Retroviridae
Human Sexual contact, maternal-neonatal Leukemia Genome Proteome
Human torovirus Torovirus Coronaviridae Human Fecal-oral Gastroenteritis Not available Not available
Influenza A virus Influenzavirus A,
Orthomyxoviridae
Human, birds, pigs Respiratory or Zoonosis, animal contact Flu 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ,8 Proteome
Influenza B virus Influenzavirus B,
Orthomyxoviridae
Human Respiratory Flu 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8 Proteome
Influenza C virus Influenzavirus C,
Orthomyxoviridae
Human Respiratory Flu 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 Proteome
Isfahan virus Vesiculovirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, sandflies, gerbils Zoonosis, arthropod bite Undocumented, encephalitis?Not available Proteome
JC polyomavirus Polyomavirus,
Polyomaviridae
Human Fecal-oral or urine Encephalitis Genome Proteome
Japanese encephalitis virus Flavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, horses, birds, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod borne Encephalitis Genome Proteome
Junin arenavirus Arenavirus,
Arenaviridae
Human, rodents Zoonosis, fomite Hemorrhagic fever 1, 2 Proteome
KI Polyomavirus Polyomavirus,
Polyomaviridae
Human Fecal-oral or urine Encephalitis Genome Proteome
Kunjin virus Flavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, horses, birds, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod borne Encephalitis Not available Proteome
Lagos bat virus Lyssavirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, mammals Zoonosis, animal bite Fatal encephalitis Not available Proteome
Lake Victoria marburgvirus Marburgvirus Filoviridae Human, monkeys, bats Zoonosis, fomite Hemorrhagic fever Genome Proteome
Langat virus Flavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, ticks Zoonosis, arthropod borne Encephalitis Genome Proteome
Lassa virus Arenavirus,
Arenaviridae
Human, rats Zoonosis, fomites Hemorrhagic fever 1, 2 Proteome
Lordsdale virus Norovirus Caliciviridae Human Fecal-oral Gastroenteritis Not available Proteome
Louping ill virus Flavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, mammals, ticks Zoonosis, arthropod bite Encephalitis Genome Proteome
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus Arenavirus,
Arenaviridae
Human, rodents Zoonosis, fomite Encephalitis 1, 2 Proteome
Machupo virus Arenavirus,
Arenaviridae
Human, monkeys, mouse Zoonosis, fomite Encephalitis 1, 2 Proteome
Mayaro virus Alphavirus Togaviridae Human, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod bite Fever, joint pain Genome Proteome
MERS coronavirus Betacoronavirus Coronaviridae Human, Tomb bat Zoonosis Respiratory Genome Proteome
Measles virus Morbilivirus,
Paramyxoviridae
Human Respiratory Fever, rash Genome Proteome
Mengo encephalomyocarditis virus Cardiovirus,
Picornaviridae
Human, mouse, rabbit Zoonosis Encephalitis Not available Proteome
Merkel cell polyomavirus Polyomavirus,
Polyomaviridae
Human -Merkel cell carcinoma Genome Proteome
Mokola virus Lyssavirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, rodents, cat, dog shrew Zoonosis, animal bite Encephalitis Genome Proteome
Molluscum contagiosum virus Molluscipoxvirus Poxviridae Human Contact Skin lesions Genome Proteome
Monkeypox virus Orthopoxvirus Human, mouse, prairie dog Zoonosis, contact Skin lesions Genome Proteome
Mumps virus Rubulavirus,
Paramyxoviridae
Human Respiratory, saliva Mumps Genome Proteome
Murray valley encephalitis virus Flavivirus Human, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod bite Encephalitis Genome Proteome
New York virus Hantavirus Bunyavirus Human, mouse Zoonosis, urine, saliva Hemorrhagic fever Not available Not available
Nipah virus Henipavirus,
Paramyxoviridae
Human, bats Zoonosis, animal bite Encephalitis Genome Proteome
Norwalk virus Norovirus Caliciviridae Human Fecal-oral Gastroenteritis Genome Proteome
O’nyong-nyong virus Alphavirus Togaviridae Human, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod bite Fever, joint pain Genome Proteome
Orf virus Parapoxvirus Poxviridae Human, mammals Zoonosis, contact Skin lesions Genome Proteome
Oropouche virus Orthobunyavirus Human, wild animals(sloths)Zoonosis, arthropod bite Fever, joint pain 1, 2, 3 Proteome
Pichinde virus Arenavirus,
Arenaviridae
Human, rat, guinea pig Zoonosis, fomite Hemorrhagic fever 1, 2 Proteome
Poliovirus Enterovirus,
Picornaviridae
Human, mammals Fecal-oral Poliomyelitis Genome Proteome
Punta toro phlebovirus Phlebovirus Bunyaviridae Human, sandflies Zoonosis, arthropod bite Hemorrhagic fever Not available Not available
Puumala virus Hantavirus Bunyavirus Human, bank vole Zoonosis, urine, saliva Hemorrhagic fever 1, 2, 3 Proteome
Rabies virus Lyssavirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, mammals Zoonosis, animal bite Fatal encephalitis Genome Proteome
Rift valley fever virus Phlebovirus Bunyaviridae Human, mammals, mosquitoes, sandflies Zoonosis, arthropod bite Hemorrhagic fever 1, 2, 3 Proteome
Rosavirus A Rosavirus Picornaviridae Human Genome Proteome
Ross river virus Alphavirus Togaviridae Human, mosquitoes, marsupials Zoonosis, arthropod bite Fever, joint pain Genome Proteome
Rotavirus A Rotavirus Reoviridae Human Fecal-oral Gastroenteritis 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11 Proteome
Rotavirus B Rotavirus Reoviridae Human Fecal-oral Gastroenteritis 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11 Proteome
Rotavirus C Rotavirus Reoviridae Human Fecal-oral Gastroenteritis 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11 Proteome
Rubella virus Rubivirus Togaviridae Human Respiratory Rubella Genome Proteome
Sagiyama virus Alphavirus Togaviridae Human, horse, pig, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod bite Fever, joint pain Not available Proteome
Salivirus A Salivirus Picornaviridae Human Gastroenteritis Genome Proteome
Sandfly fever sicilian virus Phlebovirus Bunyaviridae Human, sandflies Zoonosis, arthropod bite Hemorrhagic fever Not available Not available
Sapporo virus Sapovirus Caliciviridae Human Fecal-oral Gastroenteritis Genome Proteome
Semliki forest virus Alphavirus Togaviridae Human, birds, hedgehog, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod bite Fever, joint pain Genome Proteome
Seoul virus Hantavirus Bunyavirus Human, rats Zoonosis, urine, saliva Hemorrhagic fever 1, 2, 3 Proteome
Simian foamy virus Spumavirus,
Retroviridae
Human, monkeys Zoonosis, contact None Genome Proteome
Simian virus 5 Rubulavirus,
Paramyxoviridae
Human, dog Zoonosis, contact Undocumented Not available Proteome
Sindbis virus Alphavirus Togaviridae Human, birds, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod bite Pogosta_disease Fever, joint pain Genome Proteome
Southampton virus Norovirus Caliciviridae Human Fecal-oral Gastroenteritis Not available Proteome
St. louis encephalitis virus Flavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, birds, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod bite Encephalitis Genome Proteome
Tick-borne powassan virus Flavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, ticks Zoonosis, arthropod bite Encephalitis Genome Proteome
Torque teno virus Alphatorquevirus Human Sexual, blood None Genome Proteome
Toscana virus Phlebovirus Bunyaviridae Human, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod bite Hemorrhagic fever 1, 2, 3 Proteome
Uukuniemi virus Phlebovirus Bunyaviridae Human, ticks Zoonosis, arthropod bite Hemorrhagic fever 1, 2, 3 Proteome
Vaccinia virus Orthopoxvirus Poxviridae Human, mammals Contact None Genome Proteome
Varicella-zoster virus Varicellovirus Herpesviridae Human Respiratory, contact Varicella Genome Proteome
Variola virus Orthopoxvirus Poxviridae Human Respiratory Variola Genome Proteome
Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus Alphavirus Togaviridae Human, rodents, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod bite Fever, joint pain Genome Proteome
Vesicular stomatitis virus Vesiculovirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, cattle, horse, pig, flies Zoonosis, athropod bite Encephalitis Genome Proteome
Western equine encephalitis virus Alphavirus Togaviridae Human, vertebrates, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod bite Fever, joint pain Genome Proteome
WU polyomavirus Polyomavirus,
Polyomaviridae
Human Respiratory fluids or urine None Genome Proteome
West Nile virus Flavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, birds, ticks, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod bite Hemorrhagic fever Genome Proteome
Yaba monkey tumor virus Orthopoxvirus Poxviridae Human, monkeys Zoonosis, contact None Genome Proteome
Yaba-like disease virus Orthopoxvirus Poxviridae Human, monkeys Zoonosis, contact None Genome Proteome
Yellow fever virus Flavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, monkeys, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod bite Hemorrhagic fever Genome Proteome
Zika virus Flavivirus Flaviviridae Human, monkeys, mosquitoes Zoonosis, arthropod bite Fever, joint pain, rash Genome Proteome