Human viruses and associated pathologies
The table below displays the list of human viral pathogens, with transmission and general facts about associated pathologies.
(See human viruses by Baltimore classification )
Virus Genus, Family Host Transmission Disease genome Proteome
Adeno-associated virusDependovirus,
Parvoviridae
Human, vertebratesRespiratoryNoneGenome Proteome
Aichi virusKobuvirus,
Picornaviridae
HumanFecal-oralGastroenteritisGenome Proteome
Australian bat lyssavirusLyssavirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, batsZoonosis, animal biteFatal encephalitisGenome Proteome
BK polyomavirusPolyomavirus,
Polyomaviridae
HumanRespiratory fluids or urineNoneGenome Proteome
Banna virusSeadornavirus,
Reoviridae
Human, cattle, pig, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteEncephalitis1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Proteome
Barmah forest virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, marsupials, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint painGenome Proteome
Bunyamwera virusOrthobunyavirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteEncephalitis1, 2, 3 Proteome
Bunyavirus La CrosseOrthobunyavirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, deer, mosquitoes, tamiasZoonosis, arthropod biteEncephalitis1, 2, 3 Proteome
Bunyavirus snowshoe hareOrthobunyavirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, rodents, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteEncephalitisNot availableProteome
Cercopithecine herpesvirusLymphocryptovirus,
Herpesviridae
Human, monkeysZoonosis, animal biteEncephalitisGenome Proteome
Chandipura virusVesiculovirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, sandfliesZoonosis, athropod biteEncephalitisNot availableProteome
Chikungunya virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, monkeys, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint painGenome Proteome
Cosavirus ACosavirus,
Picornaviridae
HumanFecal-oral (probable)-Genome Proteome
Cowpox virusOrthopoxvirus,
Poxviridae
Human, mammalsZoonosis, contactNoneGenome Proteome
CoxsackievirusEnterovirus,
Picornaviridae
HumanFecal-oralMeningitis, myocarditis, paralysisGenome Proteome
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusNairovirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, vertebrates, ticksZoonosis, arthropod biteHemorrhagic fever1, 2, 3 Proteome
Dengue virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteHemorrhagic feverGenome Proteome
Dhori virusThogotovirus,
Orthomyxoviridae
Human, ticksZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, encephalitis Not availableProteome
Dugbe virusNairovirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, ticksZoonosis, arthropod biteThrombocytopaenia1, 2, 3 Proteome
Duvenhage virusLyssavirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, mammalsZoonosis, animal biteFatal encephalitisNot availableProteome
Eastern equine encephalitis virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, birds, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteEncephalitisGenome Proteome
EbolavirusEbolavirus,
Filoviridae
Human, monkeys, batsZoonosis, contactHemorrhagic feverGenome Proteome
EchovirusEnterovirus,
Picornaviridae
HumanFecal-oralCommon coldGenome Proteome
Encephalomyocarditis virusCardiovirus,
Picornaviridae
Human, mouse, rat, pigZoonosisEncephalitisGenome Proteome
Epstein-Barr virusLymphocryptovirus,
Herpesviridae
HumanContact, salivaMononucleosisGenome Proteome
European bat lyssavirusLyssavirus,
Rhabdovirus
Human, batsZoonosis, animal biteFatal encephalitisGenome Proteome
GB virus C/Hepatitis G virus Pegivirus,
Flaviviridae
HumanBlood, occasionally sexualNoneGenome Proteome
Hantaan virusHantavirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, rodentsZoonosis, urine, salivaRenal or respiratory syndrome1, 2, 3 Proteome
Hendra virusHenipavirus,
paramyxoviridae
Human, horse, batsZoonosis, animal biteEncephalitisGenome Proteome
Hepatitis A virusHepatovirus,
picornaviridae
HumanFecal-oralHepatitisGenome Proteome
Hepatitis B virus Orthohepadnavirus,
Hepadnaviridae
Human, ChimpanzeesSexual contact, bloodHepatitisGenome Proteome
Hepatitis C virusHepacivirus,
Flaviviridae
HumanSexual, bloodHepatitisGenome Proteome
Hepatitis E virusHepevirus,
Unassigned
Human, pig, monkeys, some rodents, chickenZoonosis, foodHepatitisGenome Proteome
Hepatitis delta virusDeltavirus,
Unassigned
HumanSexual contact, bloodHepatitisGenome Proteome
Horsepox virusOrthopoxvirus,
Poxviridae
Human, horsesZoonosis, contactNoneNot availableProteome
Human adenovirusMastadenovirus,
Adenoviridae
HumanRespiratory, fecal-oralRespiratoryGenome Proteome
Human astrovirusMamastrovirus,
Astroviridae
HumanFecal-oralGastroenteritisGenome Proteome
Human coronavirusAlphacoronavirus,
Coronaviridae
HumanRespiratoryRespiratoryGenome Proteome
Human cytomegalovirusCytomegalovirus,
Herpesviridae
HumanContact, urine, salivaMononucleosis, pneumoniaGenome Proteome
Human enterovirus 68, 70Enterovirus,
Picornaviridae
HumanFecal-oralDiarrhea, neurological disorderGenome Proteome
Human herpesvirus 1Simplexvirus,
Herpesviridae
HumanSexual contact, salivaSkin lesionsGenome Proteome
Human herpesvirus 2Simplexvirus,
Herpesviridae
HumanSexual contact, salivaSkin lesionsGenome Proteome
Human herpesvirus 6Roseolovirus,
Herpesviridae
HumanRespiratory, contactSkin lesionsGenome Proteome
Human herpesvirus 7Roseolovirus,
Herpesviridae
HumanRespiratory, contactSkin lesionsGenome Proteome
Human herpesvirus 8Rhadinovirus,
Herpesviridae
HumanSexual contact, salivaSkin lymphomaGenome Proteome
Human immunodeficiency virusLentivirus,
Retroviridae
HumanSexual contact, bloodAIDSGenome Proteome
Human papillomavirus 1Mupapillomavirus,
Papillomaviridae
HumanContactSkin wartsGenome Proteome
Human papillomavirus 2Alphapapillomavirus,
Papillomaviridae
HumanContactSkin wartsGenome Proteome
Human papillomavirus 16,18Alphapapillomavirus,
Papillomaviridae
HumanSexualGenital warts,
cervical cancer
Genome Proteome
Human parainfluenzaRespirovirus,
Paramyxoviridae
HumanRespiratoryRespiratoryGenome Proteome
Human parvovirus B19Erythrovirus,
Parvoviridae
HumanRespiratorySkin lesionGenome Proteome
Human respiratory syncytial virusPneumovirus,
Pneumoviridae
HumanRespiratoryRespiratoryGenome Proteome
Human rhinovirusEnterovirus,
Picornaviridae
HumanRespiratoryRespiratoryGenome Proteome
Human SARS coronavirusBetacoronavirus,
Coronaviridae
Human, palm civetZoonosisRespiratoryGenome Proteome
Human spumaretrovirusSpumavirus,
Retroviridae
HumanContact, salivaNoneNot availableProteome
Human T-lymphotropic virusDeltaretrovirus,
Retroviridae
HumanSexual contact, maternal-neonatalLeukemiaGenome Proteome
Human torovirusTorovirus,
Coronaviridae
HumanFecal-oralGastroenteritisNot availableNot available
Influenza A virusInfluenzavirus A,
Orthomyxoviridae
Human, birds, pigsRespiratory or Zoonosis, animal contactFlu1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
7 ,8
Proteome
Influenza B virusInfluenzavirus B,
Orthomyxoviridae
HumanRespiratoryFlu1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
7, 8
Proteome
Influenza C virusInfluenzavirus C,
Orthomyxoviridae
HumanRespiratoryFlu1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
7
Proteome
Isfahan virusVesiculovirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, sandflies, gerbilsZoonosis, arthropod biteUndocumented, encephalitis?Not availableProteome
JC polyomavirusPolyomavirus,
Polyomaviridae
HumanFecal-oral or urineEncephalitisGenome Proteome
Japanese encephalitis virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, horses, birds, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod borneEncephalitisGenome Proteome
Junin arenavirusArenavirus,
Arenaviridae
Human, rodentsZoonosis, fomiteHemorrhagic fever1, 2 Proteome
KI PolyomavirusPolyomavirus,
Polyomaviridae
HumanFecal-oral or urineEncephalitisGenome Proteome
Kunjin virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, horses, birds, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod borneEncephalitisNot availableProteome
Lagos bat virusLyssavirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, mammalsZoonosis, animal biteFatal encephalitisNot availableProteome
Lake Victoria marburgvirusMarburgvirus,
Filoviridae
Human, monkeys, batsZoonosis, fomiteHemorrhagic feverGenome Proteome
Langat virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, ticksZoonosis, arthropod borneEncephalitisGenome Proteome
Lassa virusArenavirus,
Arenaviridae
Human, ratsZoonosis, fomitesHemorrhagic fever1, 2 Proteome
Lordsdale virusNorovirus,
Caliciviridae
HumanFecal-oralGastroenteritisNot availableProteome
Louping ill virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, mammals, ticksZoonosis, arthropod biteEncephalitisGenome Proteome
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virusArenavirus,
Arenaviridae
Human, rodentsZoonosis, fomiteEncephalitis1, 2 Proteome
Machupo virusArenavirus,
Arenaviridae
Human, monkeys, mouseZoonosis, fomiteEncephalitis1, 2 Proteome
Mayaro virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint painGenome Proteome
MERS coronavirusBetacoronavirus,
Coronaviridae
Human, Tomb batZoonosisRespiratoryGenome Proteome
Measles virusMorbilivirus,
Paramyxoviridae
HumanRespiratoryFever, rashGenome Proteome
Mengo encephalomyocarditis virusCardiovirus,
Picornaviridae
Human, mouse, rabbitZoonosisEncephalitisNot availableProteome
Merkel cell polyomavirusPolyomavirus,
Polyomaviridae
Human-Merkel cell carcinoma Genome Proteome
Mokola virusLyssavirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, rodents, cat, dog shrewZoonosis, animal biteEncephalitis Genome Proteome
Molluscum contagiosum virusMolluscipoxvirus,
Poxviridae
HumanContactSkin lesionsGenome Proteome
Monkeypox virusOrthopoxvirus,
Poxviridae
Human, mouse, prairie dogZoonosis, contactSkin lesionsGenome Proteome
Mumps virusRubulavirus,
Paramyxoviridae
HumanRespiratory, salivaMumpsGenome Proteome
Murray valley encephalitis virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteEncephalitisGenome Proteome
New York virusHantavirus,
Bunyavirus
Human, mouseZoonosis, urine, salivaHemorrhagic feverNot availableNot available
Nipah virusHenipavirus,
Paramyxoviridae
Human, batsZoonosis, animal biteEncephalitisGenome Proteome
Norwalk virusNorovirus,
Caliciviridae
HumanFecal-oralGastroenteritisGenome Proteome
O’nyong-nyong virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint painGenome Proteome
Orf virusParapoxvirus,
Poxviridae
Human, mammalsZoonosis, contactSkin lesionsGenome Proteome
Oropouche virusOrthobunyavirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, wild animals(sloths)Zoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint pain1, 2, 3 Proteome
Pichinde virusArenavirus,
Arenaviridae
Human, rat, guinea pigZoonosis, fomiteHemorrhagic fever1, 2 Proteome
PoliovirusEnterovirus,
Picornaviridae
Human, mammalsFecal-oralPoliomyelitisGenome Proteome
Punta toro phlebovirusPhlebovirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, sandfliesZoonosis, arthropod biteHemorrhagic feverNot availableNot available
Puumala virusHantavirus,
Bunyavirus
Human, bank voleZoonosis, urine, salivaHemorrhagic fever1, 2, 3 Proteome
Rabies virusLyssavirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, mammalsZoonosis, animal biteFatal encephalitisGenome Proteome
Rift valley fever virusPhlebovirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, mammals, mosquitoes, sandfliesZoonosis, arthropod biteHemorrhagic fever1, 2, 3 Proteome
Rosavirus ARosavirus,
Picornaviridae
Human Genome Proteome
Ross river virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, mosquitoes, marsupialsZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint painGenome Proteome
Rotavirus ARotavirus,
Reoviridae
HumanFecal-oralGastroenteritis1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Proteome
Rotavirus BRotavirus,
Reoviridae
HumanFecal-oralGastroenteritis1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Proteome
Rotavirus CRotavirus,
Reoviridae
HumanFecal-oralGastroenteritis1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Proteome
Rubella virusRubivirus,
Togaviridae
HumanRespiratoryRubellaGenome Proteome
Sagiyama virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, horse, pig, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint painNot availableProteome
Salivirus ASalivirus,
Picornaviridae
HumanGastroenteritisGenome Proteome
Sandfly fever sicilian virusPhlebovirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, sandfliesZoonosis, arthropod biteHemorrhagic feverNot availableNot available
Sapporo virusSapovirus,
Caliciviridae
HumanFecal-oralGastroenteritisGenome Proteome
Semliki forest virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, birds, hedgehog, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint painGenome Proteome
Seoul virusHantavirus,
Bunyavirus
Human, ratsZoonosis, urine, salivaHemorrhagic fever1, 2, 3 Proteome
Simian foamy virusSpumavirus,
Retroviridae
Human, monkeysZoonosis, contactNoneGenome Proteome
Simian virus 5Rubulavirus,
Paramyxoviridae
Human, dogZoonosis, contactUndocumentedNot availableProteome
Sindbis virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, birds, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod bitePogosta_disease Fever, joint painGenome Proteome
Southampton virusNorovirus,
Caliciviridae
HumanFecal-oralGastroenteritisNot availableProteome
St. louis encephalitis virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, birds, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteEncephalitisGenome Proteome
Tick-borne powassan virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, ticksZoonosis, arthropod biteEncephalitisGenome Proteome
Torque teno virusAlphatorquevirus,
Anelloviridae
HumanSexual, bloodNoneGenome Proteome
Toscana virusPhlebovirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteHemorrhagic fever1, 2, 3 Proteome
Uukuniemi virusPhlebovirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, ticksZoonosis, arthropod biteHemorrhagic fever1, 2, 3 Proteome
Vaccinia virusOrthopoxvirus,
Poxviridae
Human, mammalsContactNoneGenome Proteome
Varicella-zoster virusVaricellovirus,
Herpesviridae
HumanRespiratory, contactVaricellaGenome Proteome
Variola virusOrthopoxvirus,
Poxviridae
HumanRespiratoryVariolaGenome Proteome
Venezuelan equine encephalitis virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, rodents, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint painGenome Proteome
Vesicular stomatitis virusVesiculovirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, cattle, horse, pig, fliesZoonosis, athropod biteEncephalitisGenome Proteome
Western equine encephalitis virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, vertebrates, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint painGenome Proteome
WU polyomavirusPolyomavirus,
Polyomaviridae
HumanRespiratory fluids or urineNoneGenome Proteome
West Nile virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, birds, ticks, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteHemorrhagic feverGenome Proteome
Yaba monkey tumor virusOrthopoxvirus,
Poxviridae
Human, monkeysZoonosis, contactNoneGenome Proteome
Yaba-like disease virusOrthopoxvirus,
Poxviridae
Human, monkeysZoonosis, contactNoneGenome Proteome
Yellow fever virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, monkeys, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteHemorrhagic feverGenome Proteome
Zika virus Flavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, monkeys, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint pain, rashGenome Proteome