Non-enveloped, T=1 icosahedral symmetry, with a diameter of about 30-32nm..


Circular ssDNA genome (-) of about 3.8 kb.
The genome is replicated through double-stranded intermediates. It may encode for 4 proteins: ORF1 (Rep protein?), ORF2, ORF3 and ORF4.


The proteins are expressed by alternative splicing of pre-mRNA.



  1. Virus penetrates into the host cell.
  2. Uncoating, the viral ssDNA genome penetrates into the nucleus.
  3. The ssDNA is converted into dsDNA with the participation of cellular factors. dsDNA transcription gives rise to viral mRNAs.
  4. viral mRNAs are transcribed and translated to produce viral proteins.
  5. Replication may be mediated by a “Rep-like” protein, and would occur by rolling circle producing ssDNA genomes.
  6. These newly synthesized ssDNA can either
    a) be converted to dsDNA and serve as a template for transcription/replication
    b) be encapsidated by capsid protein and form virions released by cell lysis.

Host-virus interaction

NF-kappaB modulation

Torque teno virus ORF2 protein might suppress NF-kappaB pathways via interaction with IkappaB kinases .

Matching UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries

2 entries grouped by protein (browse by keywords)

1 entry

Capsid protein

Torque teno virus 1 (isolate TA278) reference strain

1 entry

Uncharacterized ORF2 protein

Torque teno virus 1 (isolate TA278) reference strain