Respirovirus

VIRION

Enveloped, spherical. Diameter from about 150 nm.

GENOME

Negative-stranded RNA linear genome, about 15 kb in size. Encodes for eight proteins.

GENE EXPRESSION

The viral RNA dependent RNA polymerase binds the encapsidated genome at the leader region, then sequentially transcribes each genes by recognizing start and stop signals flanking viral genes. mRNAs are capped and polyadenylated by the L protein during synthesis. The C'/C/Y1/Y2 proteins are expressed by leaky scanning, and V/W proteins by mRNA editing.

REPLICATION

CYTOPLASMIC

  1. Virus attaches to host cell surface receptors through HN glycoprotein.
  2. Fusion with the plasma membrane; ribonucleocapsid is released in the cytoplasm.
  3. Sequential transcription, viral mRNAs are capped and polyadenylated in the cytoplasm.
  4. Replication presumably starts when enough nucleoprotein is present to encapsidate neo-synthetized antigenomes and genomes.
  5. The ribonucleocapsid interacts with the matrix protein under the plasma membrane and buds via the ESCRT complex, releasing the virion.

Host-virus interaction

Inhibition of host Interferon induction

The V protein plays a role in inhibition of MDA-5 antiviral signaling

The C protein plays a role in inhibition of STAT1 antiviral signaling

Species

Synonyms

2016 namingOther common name
Human respirovirus 1Human parainfluenza virus 1 (HPIV-1)
Human respirovirus 3Human parainfluenza virus 3 (HPIV-3)
Bovine respirovirus 3Human herpesvirus 3 (HHV-3)
Murine respirovirusSendai virus (SeV)
Porcine respirovirus 1Porcine parainfluenza virus 1 (PPIV-1)

Matching UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries

83 entries grouped by strain (browse by keywords)

All proteins are shown (view only 42 complete proteome entries)

9 entries

Sendai virus (strain Ohita) (SeV) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
C_SENDO Protein C' [Cleaved into: Protein C; Protein Y1]
FUS_SENDO Fusion glycoprotein F0 (Protein F) [Cleaved into: Fusion glycoprotein F2; Fusion glycoprotein F1]
L_SENDO RNA-directed RNA polymerase L (Protein L) (Large structural protein) (Replicase) (Transcriptase) ...
HN_SENDO Hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN protein) (Protein HANA) (EC 3.2.1.18)
MATRX_SENDO Matrix protein (M protein)
NCAP_SENDO Nucleoprotein (Nucleocapsid protein) (NP) (Protein N)
PHOSP_SENDO Phosphoprotein (Protein P)
V_SENDO Protein V
W_SENDO Protein W

7 entries

Sendai virus (strain Z) (SeV) (Sendai virus (strain HVJ)) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
C_SENDZ Protein C' [Cleaved into: Protein C; Protein Y1; Protein Y2]
FUS_SENDZ Fusion glycoprotein F0 (Protein F) [Cleaved into: Fusion glycoprotein F2; Fusion glycoprotein F1]
MATRX_SENDZ Matrix protein (M protein)
NCAP_SENDZ Nucleoprotein (Nucleocapsid protein) (NP) (Protein N)
PHOSP_SENDZ Phosphoprotein (Protein P)
W_SENDZ Protein W
V_SENDZ Protein V

6 entries

Bovine parainfluenza 3 virus (BPIV-3) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
C_PI3B Protein C
FUS_PI3B Fusion glycoprotein F0 [Cleaved into: Fusion glycoprotein F2; Fusion glycoprotein F1]
HN_PI3B Hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (EC 3.2.1.18)
MATRX_PI3B Matrix protein
NCAP_PI3B Nucleoprotein (Nucleocapsid protein) (NP) (Protein N)
PHOSP_PI3B Phosphoprotein (Protein P)

9 entries

Sendai virus (strain Fushimi) (SeV)

Select_allDeselect_all
C_SENDF Protein C' [Cleaved into: Protein C; Protein Y1; Protein Y2]
FUS_SENDF Fusion glycoprotein F0 (Protein F) [Cleaved into: Fusion glycoprotein F2; Fusion glycoprotein F1]
HN_SENDF Hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN protein) (EC 3.2.1.18)
MATRX_SENDF Matrix protein (M protein)
L_SENDF RNA-directed RNA polymerase L (Protein L) (Large structural protein) (Replicase) (Transcriptase) ...
NCAP_SENDF Nucleoprotein (Nucleocapsid protein) (NP) (Protein N)
PHOSP_SENDF Phosphoprotein (Protein P)
V_SENDF Protein V
W_SENDF Protein W

9 entries

Sendai virus (strain Hamamatsu) (SeV)

Select_allDeselect_all
C_SENDA Protein C' [Cleaved into: Protein C; Protein Y1]
FUS_SENDA Fusion glycoprotein F0 (Protein F) [Cleaved into: Fusion glycoprotein F2; Fusion glycoprotein F1]
HN_SENDA Hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN protein) (EC 3.2.1.18)
L_SENDA RNA-directed RNA polymerase L (Protein L) (Large structural protein) (Replicase) (Transcriptase) ...
MATRX_SENDA Matrix protein (M protein)
NCAP_SENDA Nucleoprotein (Nucleocapsid protein) (NP) (Protein N)
PHOSP_SENDA Phosphoprotein (Protein P)
W_SENDA Protein W
V_SENDA Protein V

2 entries

Sendai virus (strain Z) (SeV) (Sendai virus (strain HVJ))

Select_allDeselect_all
L_SENDZ RNA-directed RNA polymerase L (Protein L) (Large structural protein) (Replicase) (Transcriptase) ...
HN_SENDZ Hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN protein) (EC 3.2.1.18)

7 entries

Human parainfluenza 3 virus (strain Wash/47885/57) (HPIV-3) (Human parainfluenza 3 virus (strain NIH 47885))

Select_allDeselect_all
C_PI3H4 Protein C (VP18 protein)
FUS_PI3H4 Fusion glycoprotein F0 [Cleaved into: Fusion glycoprotein F2; Fusion glycoprotein F1]
L_PI3H4 RNA-directed RNA polymerase L (Protein L) (Large structural protein) (Replicase) (Transcriptase) ...
HN_PI3H4 Hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (EC 3.2.1.18)
MATRX_PI3H4 Matrix protein
NCAP_PI3H4 Nucleoprotein (Nucleocapsid protein) (NP) (Protein N)
PHOSP_PI3H4 Phosphoprotein (Protein P)

7 entries

Sendai virus (strain Harris) (SeV)

Select_allDeselect_all
C_SENDH Protein C' [Cleaved into: Protein C; Protein Y1; Protein Y2]
FUS_SENDH Fusion glycoprotein F0 (Protein F) [Cleaved into: Fusion glycoprotein F2; Fusion glycoprotein F1]
HN_SENDH Hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN protein) (EC 3.2.1.18)
MATRX_SENDH Matrix protein (M protein)
PHOSP_SENDH Phosphoprotein (Protein P)
V_SENDH Protein V
W_SENDH Protein W

5 entries

Human parainfluenza 1 virus (strain C39) (HPIV-1)

Select_allDeselect_all
C_PI1HC Protein C
FUS_PI1HC Fusion glycoprotein F0 [Cleaved into: Fusion glycoprotein F2; Fusion glycoprotein F1]
MATRX_PI1HC Matrix protein
NCAP_PI1HC Nucleoprotein (Nucleocapsid protein) (NP) (Protein N)
PHOSP_PI1HC Phosphoprotein (Protein P)

3 entries

Sendai virus (strain Enders) (SeV)

Select_allDeselect_all
NCAP_SENDE Nucleoprotein (Nucleocapsid protein) (NP) (Protein N)
L_SENDE RNA-directed RNA polymerase L (Protein L) (Large structural protein) (Replicase) (Transcriptase) ...
MATRX_SENDE Matrix protein (M protein)

2 entries

Human parainfluenza 1 virus (strain C35) (HPIV-1)

Select_allDeselect_all
C_PI1HB Protein C
PHOSP_PI1HB Phosphoprotein (Protein P)

2 entries

Human parainfluenza 1 virus (strain CI-14/83) (HPIV-1)

Select_allDeselect_all
C_PI1HE Protein C
PHOSP_PI1HE Phosphoprotein (Protein P)

2 entries

Human parainfluenza 1 virus (strain CI-5/73) (HPIV-1)

Select_allDeselect_all
C_PI1HD Protein C
PHOSP_PI1HD Phosphoprotein (Protein P)

2 entries

Human parainfluenza 1 virus (strain Washington/1957) (HPIV-1)

Select_allDeselect_all
NCAP_PI1HW Nucleoprotein (Nucleocapsid protein) (NP) (Protein N)
HN_PI1HW Hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (EC 3.2.1.18)

2 entries

Human parainfluenza 1 virus (strains A1426 / 86-315 / 62m-753) (HPIV-1)

Select_allDeselect_all
MATRX_PI1HA Matrix protein
NCAP_PI1HA Nucleoprotein (Nucleocapsid protein) (NP) (Protein N)

2 entries

Sendai virus (strain 6/94) (SeV)

Select_allDeselect_all
C_SEND6 Protein C' [Cleaved into: Protein C; Protein Y2]
PHOSP_SEND6 Phosphoprotein (Protein P)

1 entry

Human parainfluenza 3 virus (strain Aus/124854/74) (HPIV-3)

HN_PI3HA Hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (EC 3.2.1.18)

1 entry

Human parainfluenza 3 virus (strain Tex/12677/83) (HPIV-3)

HN_PI3HV Hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (EC 3.2.1.18)

1 entry

Human parainfluenza 3 virus (strain Tex/545/80) (HPIV-3)

HN_PI3HT Hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (EC 3.2.1.18)

1 entry

Human parainfluenza 3 virus (strain Tex/9305/82) (HPIV-3)

HN_PI3HU Hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (EC 3.2.1.18)

1 entry

Human parainfluenza 3 virus (strain Wash/1511/73) (HPIV-3)

HN_PI3HX Hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (EC 3.2.1.18)

1 entry

Human parainfluenza 3 virus (strain Wash/641/79) (HPIV-3)

HN_PI3HW Hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (EC 3.2.1.18)

1 entry

Sendai virus (strain Nagoya) (SeV)

C_SENDN Protein C' [Cleaved into: Protein C; Protein Y1; Protein Y2]