Nanotubule intercellular connections
Some viruses use intercellular connections as a means to directly access the cytoplasm of a new host. This allows the virus to bypass host immunity and the complex budding-travel-attachment-entry steps to infect a new cell progeny. These intercellular connections are commonly termed nanotubules, virological synapse or bridging conduits. The extend to which these differently named structures are distinct from one another is unclear.