Alfamovirus

VIRION

bacilliform with a constant diameter of 18 nm. Three genomic and one subgenomic segments are encapsidated in distinct particles, resulting in different types of virion.

GENOME

Segmented, tripartite linear ssRNA(+) genome composed of RNA1, RNA2, RNA3. Each genomic segment has a 3’ tRNA-like structure and a 5’cap.

GENE EXPRESSION

Genomic RNA serves as messenger RNAs. RNA1 and RNA2 encode respectively proteins 1a and 2a, both involved in genome replication and internal transcription of sgRNA4 from the minus-strand copy of RNA3. RNA3 and sgRNA4 are translated respectively into movement and capsid proteins.

REPLICATION

CYTOPLASMIC

  1. Virus penetrates into the host cell.
  2. Uncoating, and release of the viral genomic RNA into the cytoplasm.
  3. Expression of protein 1a and 2a provides replication proteins.
  4. Replication occurs in viral factories made of membrane vesicles derived from the ER (spherules). A dsRNA genome is synthesized from the genomic ssRNA(+).
  5. The dsRNA genome is transcribed/replicated thereby providing viral mRNAs/new ssRNA(+) genomes.
  6. Subgenomic RNA4 is translated producing capsid proteins.
  7. Assembly of new virus particles.
  8. Viral movement protein triggers the formation of tubular structures that mediate virion cell-to-cell transfer via a tubule-guided mechanism.

Matching UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries

10 entries grouped by strain (browse by keywords)

All proteins are shown (view only 4 complete proteome entries)

4 entries

Alfalfa mosaic virus (strain 425 / isolate Leiden) reference strain

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1A_AMVLEReplication protein 1a
CAPSD_AMVLECapsid protein (CP) (Coat protein)
MVP_AMVLEMovement protein (MP) (Protein 3A)
RDRP_AMVLERNA-directed RNA polymerase 2a (protein 2a) (EC 2.7.7.48)

2 entries

Alfalfa mosaic virus (strain 425 / isolate Madison)

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CAPSD_AMVMACapsid protein (CP) (Coat protein)
MVP_AMVMAMovement protein (MP) (Protein 3A)

2 entries

Alfalfa mosaic virus (strain Strasbourg)

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CAPSD_AMVSTCapsid protein (CP) (Coat protein)
MVP_AMVSTMovement protein (MP) (Protein 3A)

2 entries

Alfalfa mosaic virus (strain YSMV)

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CAPSD_AMVYSCapsid protein (CP) (Coat protein)
MVP_AMVYSMovement protein (MP) (Protein 3A)