Non enveloped virion, about 30 nm in diameter with a T=3 icosahedral symmetry (180 protein subunits).


Monopartite, linear, ssRNA(+) genome of 4 kb. The 5’ terminus has a genome-linked protein (VPg). The 3’ terminus is not polyadenylated. Some sobemoviruses encapsidate a circular viroid-like satellite RNA (220-390nt).


The virion RNA is infectious and serves as both the genome and viral messenger RNA. ORF1 and ORF2 are translated via leaky scanning . ORF2 is a polyprotein which is presumably cleaved into a serine-protease, a VPg and a RdRp protein. The viral serine protease is responsible for all the cleavages. ORF3 is translated via a -1 ribosomal frameshifting. Replication produces a subgenomic RNA which encodes for the capsid protein (ORF4).
Cocksfoot mottle sobemovirus polyprotein is encoded by two different ORFs, the second one is translated via a -1 ribosomal frameshifting. The equivalent of ORF3 is not present.



  1. Virus penetrates into the host cell.
  2. Uncoating, and release of the viral genomic RNA into the cytoplasm.
  3. The viral RNA is translated to produce replication proteins, ORF2 polyprotein is processed by the viral protease.
  4. Replication takes place in cytoplasmic viral factories. A dsRNA genome is synthesized from the genomic ssRNA(+).
  5. The dsRNA genome is transcribed/replicated thereby providing viral mRNAs/new ssRNA(+) genomes.
  6. Expression of the subgenomic RNA encoding for ORF4 capsid protein.
  7. Virus assembly.
  8. Viral movement protein probably mediates virion cell-to-cell transfer.

Host-virus interaction

Suppression of RNA silencing

Cocksfoot mottle virus P1 protein acts as a suppressor of RNA silencing .

Matching UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries

12 entries grouped by strain (browse by keywords)

4 entries

Cocksfoot mottle virus (isolate Dactylis glomerata/Norway/CfMV-NO/1995) (CfMV) reference strain

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CAPSD_CFMVNCapsid protein (CP) (Coat protein) (Protein P4)
MVP_CFMVNMovement protein P1 (Cell-to-cell transport protein)
P2A_CFMVNPolyprotein P2A
RDRP_CFMVNReplicase polyprotein P2AB

4 entries

Southern bean mosaic virus (isolate Bean/United States/Arkansas) (SBMV) reference strain

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CAPSD_SBMVACapsid protein (CP) (Coat protein)
MVP_SBMVAMovement protein P1 (Cell-to-cell transport protein)
P2A_SBMVAPolyprotein P2A
RDRP_SBMVAReplicase polyprotein P2AB

4 entries

Southern cowpea mosaic virus (SCPMV) (Southern bean mosaic virus (strain cowpea)) reference strain

Select_all Deselect_all  
CAPSD_SCPMVCapsid protein (Coat protein)
MVP_SCPMVMovement protein P1 (Cell-to-cell transport protein)
P2A_SCPMVPolyprotein P2A
RDRP_SCPMVReplicase polyprotein P2AB