Alfamovirus (taxid:12320)



bacilliform with a constant diameter of 18 nm. Three genomic and one subgenomic segments are encapsidated in distinct particles, resulting in different types of virion.



Segmented, tripartite linear ssRNA(+) genome composed of RNA1, RNA2, RNA3. Each genomic segment has a 3' tRNA-like structure and a 5'cap.


Genomic RNA serves as messenger RNAs. RNA1 and RNA2 encode respectively proteins 1a and 2a, both involved in genome replication and internal transcription of sgRNA4 from the minus-strand copy of RNA3. RNA3 and sgRNA4 are translated respectively into movement and capsid proteins.




  1. Virus penetrates into the host cell.
  2. Uncoating, and release of the viral genomic RNA into the cytoplasm.
  3. Expression of protein 1a and 2a provides replication proteins.
  4. Replication occurs in viral factories made of membrane vesicles derived from the ER (spherules). A dsRNA genome is synthesized from the genomic ssRNA(+).
  5. The dsRNA genome is transcribed/replicated thereby providing viral mRNAs/new ssRNA(+) genomes.
  6. Subgenomic RNA4 is translated producing capsid proteins.
  7. Assembly of new virus particles.
  8. Viral movement protein triggers the formation of tubular structures that mediate virion cell-to-cell transfer via a tubule-guided mechanism.

Matching UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries

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10 entries grouped by strain

4 entries

Alfalfa mosaic virus (strain 425 / isolate Leiden) reference strain

CAPSD_AMVLE Capsid protein (CP) (Coat protein)
1A_AMVLE Replication protein 1a [Includes: ATP-dependent helicase (EC 3.6.4.-); Methyltransferase (EC ...
RDRP_AMVLE RNA-directed RNA polymerase 2a (protein 2a) (EC
MVP_AMVLE Movement protein (MP) (Protein 3A)

2 entries

Alfalfa mosaic virus (strain 425 / isolate Madison)

CAPSD_AMVMA Capsid protein (CP) (Coat protein)
MVP_AMVMA Movement protein (MP) (Protein 3A)

2 entries

Alfalfa mosaic virus (strain Strasbourg)

CAPSD_AMVST Capsid protein (CP) (Coat protein)
MVP_AMVST Movement protein (MP) (Protein 3A)

2 entries

Alfalfa mosaic virus (strain YSMV)

CAPSD_AMVYS Capsid protein (CP) (Coat protein)
MVP_AMVYS Movement protein (MP) (Protein 3A)