Non-enveloped capsid with T=1 icosahedral symmetry and composed of 60 protein subunit monomers. However, each subunit is thought to contain two genetically duplicated domains, and these 120 putative domains might therefore adopt a pseudo-T=2 structure. The capsid is about 35-40 nm in diameter. The four genomic segments are encapsidated separately.
Segmented linear dsRNA genome about 12.5 kb: 4 segments encoding for 4 proteins.
Each genomic segment encodes for a single protein. Translation is initiated on a unique internal ribosome entry site (IRES) element situated at the 5'-UTR.
- Virus penetrates into the cytoplasm.
- Transcription of the dsRNA genome by viral polymerase occurs inside the virion, so that dsRNA is never exposed to the cytoplasm. This plus-strand transcript is used as template for translation.
- (+)RNAs are encapsidated in virion particle, in which they are transcribed to give RNA (-) molecules with which they become base-paired to produce dsRNA genomes.
- Mature virions are transmitted to new cell by cytoplasmic exchange, sporogenesis or Hyphal anastomosis.