Non-enveloped, flexuous, filamentous, of two lengths (500-600 and 200-300 nm) x 12-15 nm in diameter. Symmetry helical. Presence of characteristic inclusion bodies within infected plant cells.
Bipartite, linear, ssRNA(+) genome, composed of RNA1=7.6-7.8 kb and RNA2=3.5-3.8 kb. 3' terminus has a poly (A) tract. 5' terminus has a genome-linked protein (VPg).
The virion RNA is infectious and serves as both the genome and viral messenger RNA. The genome segments are translated into polyproteins which are subsequently processed by virus-encoded proteases into functional products.
- RNA-dependent RNA polymerase [Nlb-RdRp]
- VPG-type capping [VPg]
- Self cleavage N-ter polyprotein (Peptidase C6) [HC-pro]
- Polyprotein protease (Peptidase C4) [Nla-pro]
- Virus penetrates into the host cell.
- Uncoating, and release of the viral genomic RNA into the cytoplasm.
- The viral RNA is translated to produce a polyprotein which is processed by viral proteases into the RdRp protein and structural proteins.
- Replication takes place in cytoplasmic viral factories. A dsRNA genome is synthesized from the genomic ssRNA(+).
- The dsRNA genome is transcribed/replicated thereby providing viral mRNAs/new ssRNA(+) genomes.
- Virus assembly in the cytoplasm.