Brevihamaparvovirus (taxid:2733230)

Former names: Brevidensovirus, Contravirus



Non-enveloped, round, T=1 icosahedral symmetry, 21-22 nm in diameter. The capsid consists of 60 copies of CP protein.



Linear, ssDNA genome of about 4kb in size, with long inverted terminal repeats. Both positive and negative strands are encapsidated, but a majority of strands are of negative polarity (85%).
The genome is replicated through rolling-hairpin mechanism.


Host proteins transcribe the genomes into mRNAs.




  1. Attachement to host receptors initiates clathrin-mediated endocytosis of the virion into the host cell.
  2. The virion penetrates into the cytoplasm via permeabilization of host endosomal membrane.
  3. Microtubular transport of the virion toward the nucleus.
  4. The viral ssDNA genome penetrates into the nucleus.
  5. The ssDNA is converted into dsDNA by cellular proteins.
  6. dsDNA transcription gives rise to viral mRNAs when host cell enters S phase and translated to produce viral proteins.
  7. Replication occurs through rolling-hairpin mechanism, with NS1 endonuclease binding covalently to the 5' genomic end.
  8. Individual ssDNA genomes are excised from replication concatemers by a process called junction resolution.
  9. These newly synthesized ssDNA can either
    a) be converted to dsDNA and serve as a template for transcription/replication
    b) be encapsidated to form new virions that are released by cell lysis.

Host-virus interaction

Apoptosis modulation

IHHNV induces apoptosis and caspases activation in p53-deficient cells .

Matching UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries

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5 entries grouped by strain

3 entries

Aedes albopictus densovirus (isolate Boublik/1994) (AalDNV) reference strain

NS1_AADNV Initiator protein NS1 (NS1) (EC 3.1.21.-) (EC (Non-structural protein 1) (Non-structural ...
CAPSD_AADNV Capsid protein VP1/VP2 (Coat protein VP1/VP2)
NS2_AADNV Non-structural protein NS2 (Non-capsid protein NS-2) (NCVP2)

2 entries

Aedes densonucleosis virus (strain GKV 002 002) (Aedes densovirus)

NS1_AEDEV Initiator protein NS1 (NS1) (EC 3.1.21.-) (EC (Non-structural protein 1) (Non-structural ...
CAPSD_AEDEV Capsid protein VP1/VP2 (Coat protein VP1/VP2)