Aquabirnavirus

VIRION

Non enveloped, single-shelled T=13 icosahedral symmetry capsid of about 70 nm in diameter, composed of 260 trimers of VP2 that form spikes projecting radially from the capsid. The peptides derived from pre-VP2 C-terminal cleavages remain associated within virion. VP3 forms a ribonucleoprotein complex with the genomic RNA. Minor amounts of VP1 are also incorporated in the virion.

GENOME

Segmented linear dsRNA genome: 2 segments (A,B) encode for 5 proteins and 3 to 4 small peptides. VP1 is found in a free form and covalently attached at the 5’ genomic RNA end (VPg). Segments size is about 2.7-3 kb. Genome total size is about 6 kb.

GENE EXPRESSION

Genomic segment A encodes for a structural polyprotein which is matured in cis by VP4. It also encodes an alternative ORF translated possibly by leaky scanning (VP5).
Genomic segment B encodes for VP1.

REPLICATION

CYTOPLASMIC

  1. Virus penetrates into the cytoplasm.
  2. Transcription of the dsRNA genome by viral polymerase occurs inside the virion, so that dsRNA is never exposed to the cytoplasm. This plus-strand transcript is used as template for translation.
  3. (+)RNAs are encapsidated in virion particle, inside which they are transcribed to give RNA (-) molecules with which they become base-paired to produce dsRNA genomes.
  4. Mature virions are released by budding.

Host-virus interaction

Host transcription modulation

Apoptosis modulation

IPNV induces host cell apoptosis via Bad up-regulation . Also induces caspases activation (caspase-3 and caspase-9) .
IPNV would trigger two separate death pathways via upregulation of TNF-alpha, namely the Bad-mediates apoptosis and the Rip1/ROS-mediated secondary necrotic pathway .
Upregulation of TNF-alpha may be linked to the observed NF-kappaB transcription HREF=”http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18471101”>

Matching UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries

8 entries grouped by protein (browse by keywords)

All proteins are shown (view only 5 complete proteome entries)

Structural polyprotein (PP)

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POLS_IPNVJInfectious pancreatic necrosis virus (strain Jasper) (IPNV) reference strain
POLS_IPNVNInfectious pancreatic necrosis virus (strain N1) (IPNV)
POLS_IPNVSInfectious pancreatic necrosis virus (strain Sp) (IPNV)

RNA-directed RNA polymerase (RDRP) (EC 2.7.7.48) (Protein VP1)

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RDRP_IPNVJInfectious pancreatic necrosis virus (strain Jasper) (IPNV) reference strain
RDRP_IPNVSInfectious pancreatic necrosis virus (strain Sp) (IPNV)

Protein VP5

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VP5_IPNVJInfectious pancreatic necrosis virus (strain Jasper) (IPNV) reference strain
VP5_IPNVNInfectious pancreatic necrosis virus (strain N1) (IPNV)
VP5_IPNVSInfectious pancreatic necrosis virus (strain Sp) (IPNV)