Sigmavirus

Molecular biology

VIRION

Enveloped, bullet shaped.

GENOME

Negative-stranded RNA linear genome,about 12.6 kb in size. Encodes for 6 proteins.

GENE EXPRESSION

The viral RNA dependent RNA polymerase binds the encapsidated genome at the leader region, then sequentially transcribes each genes by recognizing start and stop signals flanking viral genes. mRNAs are capped and polyadenylated by the L protein during synthesis.

REPLICATION

CYTOPLASMIC

  1. Attachement of the viral G glycoproteins to host receptors mediates Clathrin-mediated endocytosis of the virus into the host cell.
  2. Fusion of virus membrane with the vesicle membrane; ribonucleocapsid is released into the cytoplasm.
  3. Sequential transcription , viral mRNAs are capped and polyadenylated by polymerase stuttering in the cytoplasm.
  4. Replication presumably starts when enough nucleoprotein is present to encapsidate neo-synthetized antigenomes and genomes.
  5. The ribonucleocapsid binds to the matrix protein and buds via the host ESCRT complexes occurs at the plasma membrane, releasing new virions.

Matching UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries

6 entries grouped by strain (browse by keywords)

6 entries

Drosophila melanogaster sigma virus (isolate Drosophila/USA/AP30/2005) (DMelSV) reference strain

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GLYCO_DMSVAGlycoprotein
L_DMSVARNA-directed RNA polymerase L (Protein L) (Large structural protein) ...
MATRX_DMSVAMatrix protein
NCAP_DMSVANucleoprotein (NP) (Nucleocapsid protein) (Protein N)
PHOSP_DMSVAPhosphoprotein (P protein)
PP3_DMSVAProtein PP3