Human viruses and associated pathologies
The table below displays the list of human viral pathogens, with transmission and general facts about associated pathologies.
(See human viruses by Baltimore classification)
Virus Genus, Family Host Transmission Disease genome Proteome
Adeno-associated virusDependovirus,
Parvoviridae
Human, vertebratesRespiratoryNoneGenomeProteome
Aichi virusKobuvirus,
Picornaviridae
HumanFecal-oralGastroenteritisGenomeProteome
Australian bat lyssavirusLyssavirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, batsZoonosis, animal biteFatal encephalitisGenomeProteome
BK polyomavirusPolyomavirus,
Polyomaviridae
HumanRespiratory fluids or urineNoneGenomeProteome
Banna virusSeadornavirus,
Reoviridae
Human, cattle, pig, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteEncephalitis1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Proteome
Barmah forest virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, marsupials, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint painGenomeProteome
Bunyamwera virusOrthobunyavirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteEncephalitis1, 2, 3Proteome
Bunyavirus La CrosseOrthobunyavirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, deer, mosquitoes, tamiasZoonosis, arthropod biteEncephalitis1, 2, 3Proteome
Bunyavirus snowshoe hareOrthobunyavirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, rodents, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteEncephalitisNot availableProteome
Cercopithecine herpesvirusLymphocryptovirus,
Herpesviridae
Human, monkeysZoonosis, animal biteEncephalitisGenomeProteome
Chandipura virusVesiculovirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, sandfliesZoonosis, athropod biteEncephalitisNot availableProteome
Chikungunya virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, monkeys, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint painGenomeProteome
Cosavirus ACosavirus,
Picornaviridae
HumanFecal-oral (probable)-GenomeProteome
Cowpox virusOrthopoxvirus,
Poxviridae
Human, mammalsZoonosis, contactNoneGenomeProteome
CoxsackievirusEnterovirus,
Picornaviridae
HumanFecal-oralMeningitis, myocarditis, paralysisGenomeProteome
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusNairovirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, vertebrates, ticksZoonosis, arthropod biteHemorrhagic fever1, 2, 3Proteome
Dengue virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteHemorrhagic feverGenomeProteome
Dhori virusThogotovirus,
Orthomyxoviridae
Human, ticksZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, encephalitis Not availableProteome
Dugbe virusNairovirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, ticksZoonosis, arthropod biteThrombocytopaenia1, 2, 3Proteome
Duvenhage virusLyssavirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, mammalsZoonosis, animal biteFatal encephalitisNot availableProteome
Eastern equine encephalitis virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, birds, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteEncephalitisGenomeProteome
EbolavirusEbolavirus,
Filoviridae
Human, monkeys, batsZoonosis, contactHemorrhagic feverGenomeProteome
EchovirusEnterovirus,
Picornaviridae
HumanFecal-oralCommon coldGenomeProteome
Encephalomyocarditis virusCardiovirus,
Picornaviridae
Human, mouse, rat, pigZoonosisEncephalitisGenomeProteome
Epstein-Barr virusLymphocryptovirus,
Herpesviridae
HumanContact, salivaMononucleosisGenomeProteome
European bat lyssavirusLyssavirus,
Rhabdovirus
Human, batsZoonosis, animal biteFatal encephalitisGenomeProteome
GB virus C/Hepatitis G virus Pegivirus,
Flaviviridae
HumanBlood, occasionally sexualNoneGenomeProteome
Hantaan virusHantavirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, rodentsZoonosis, urine, salivaRenal or respiratory syndrome1, 2, 3Proteome
Hendra virusHenipavirus,
paramyxoviridae
Human, horse, batsZoonosis, animal biteEncephalitisGenomeProteome
Hepatitis A virusHepatovirus,
picornaviridae
HumanFecal-oralHepatitisGenomeProteome
Hepatitis B virus Orthohepadnavirus,
Hepadnaviridae
Human, ChimpanzeesSexual contact, bloodHepatitisGenomeProteome
Hepatitis C virusHepacivirus,
Flaviviridae
HumanSexual, bloodHepatitisGenomeProteome
Hepatitis E virusHepevirus,
Unassigned
Human, pig, monkeys, some rodents, chickenZoonosis, foodHepatitisGenomeProteome
Hepatitis delta virusDeltavirus,
Unassigned
HumanSexual contact, bloodHepatitisGenomeProteome
Horsepox virusOrthopoxvirus,
Poxviridae
Human, horsesZoonosis, contactNoneNot availableProteome
Human adenovirusMastadenovirus,
Adenoviridae
HumanRespiratory, fecal-oralRespiratoryGenomeProteome
Human astrovirusMamastrovirus,
Astroviridae
HumanFecal-oralGastroenteritisGenomeProteome
Human coronavirusAlphacoronavirus,
Coronaviridae
HumanRespiratoryRespiratoryGenomeProteome
Human cytomegalovirusCytomegalovirus,
Herpesviridae
HumanContact, urine, salivaMononucleosis, pneumoniaGenomeProteome
Human enterovirus 68, 70Enterovirus,
Picornaviridae
HumanFecal-oralDiarrhea, neurological disorderGenomeProteome
Human herpesvirus 1Simplexvirus,
Herpesviridae
HumanSexual contact, salivaSkin lesionsGenomeProteome
Human herpesvirus 2Simplexvirus,
Herpesviridae
HumanSexual contact, salivaSkin lesionsGenomeProteome
Human herpesvirus 6Roseolovirus,
Herpesviridae
HumanRespiratory, contactSkin lesionsGenomeProteome
Human herpesvirus 7Roseolovirus,
Herpesviridae
HumanRespiratory, contactSkin lesionsGenomeProteome
Human herpesvirus 8Rhadinovirus,
Herpesviridae
HumanSexual contact, salivaSkin lymphomaGenomeProteome
Human immunodeficiency virusLentivirus,
Retroviridae
HumanSexual contact, bloodAIDSGenomeProteome
Human papillomavirus 1Mupapillomavirus,
Papillomaviridae
HumanContactSkin wartsGenomeProteome
Human papillomavirus 2Alphapapillomavirus,
Papillomaviridae
HumanContactSkin wartsGenomeProteome
Human papillomavirus 16,18Alphapapillomavirus,
Papillomaviridae
HumanSexualGenital warts,
cervical cancer
GenomeProteome
Human parainfluenzaRespirovirus,
Paramyxoviridae
HumanRespiratoryRespiratoryGenomeProteome
Human parvovirus B19Erythrovirus,
Parvoviridae
HumanRespiratorySkin lesionGenomeProteome
Human respiratory syncytial virusPneumovirus,
Paramyxoviridae
HumanRespiratoryRespiratoryGenomeProteome
Human rhinovirusEnterovirus,
Picornaviridae
HumanRespiratoryRespiratoryGenomeProteome
Human SARS coronavirusBetacoronavirus,
Coronaviridae
Human, palm civetZoonosisRespiratoryGenomeProteome
Human spumaretrovirusSpumavirus,
Retroviridae
HumanContact, salivaNoneNot availableProteome
Human T-lymphotropic virusDeltaretrovirus,
Retroviridae
HumanSexual contact, maternal-neonatalLeukemiaGenomeProteome
Human torovirusTorovirus,
Coronaviridae
HumanFecal-oralGastroenteritisNot availableNot available
Influenza A virusInfluenzavirus A,
Orthomyxoviridae
Human, birds, pigsRespiratory or Zoonosis, animal contactFlu1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
7 ,8
Proteome
Influenza B virusInfluenzavirus B,
Orthomyxoviridae
HumanRespiratoryFlu1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
7, 8
Proteome
Influenza C virusInfluenzavirus C,
Orthomyxoviridae
HumanRespiratoryFlu1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
7
Proteome
Isfahan virusVesiculovirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, sandflies, gerbilsZoonosis, arthropod biteUndocumented, encephalitis?Not availableProteome
JC polyomavirusPolyomavirus,
Polyomaviridae
HumanFecal-oral or urineEncephalitisGenomeProteome
Japanese encephalitis virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, horses, birds, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod borneEncephalitisGenomeProteome
Junin arenavirusArenavirus,
Arenaviridae
Human, rodentsZoonosis, fomiteHemorrhagic fever1, 2Proteome
KI PolyomavirusPolyomavirus,
Polyomaviridae
HumanFecal-oral or urineEncephalitisGenomeProteome
Kunjin virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, horses, birds, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod borneEncephalitisNot availableProteome
Lagos bat virusLyssavirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, mammalsZoonosis, animal biteFatal encephalitisNot availableProteome
Lake Victoria marburgvirusMarburgvirus,
Filoviridae
Human, monkeys, batsZoonosis, fomiteHemorrhagic feverGenomeProteome
Langat virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, ticksZoonosis, arthropod borneEncephalitisGenomeProteome
Lassa virusArenavirus,
Arenaviridae
Human, ratsZoonosis, fomitesHemorrhagic fever1, 2Proteome
Lordsdale virusNorovirus,
Caliciviridae
HumanFecal-oralGastroenteritisNot availableProteome
Louping ill virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, mammals, ticksZoonosis, arthropod biteEncephalitisGenomeProteome
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virusArenavirus,
Arenaviridae
Human, rodentsZoonosis, fomiteEncephalitis1, 2Proteome
Machupo virusArenavirus,
Arenaviridae
Human, monkeys, mouseZoonosis, fomiteEncephalitis1, 2Proteome
Mayaro virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint painGenomeProteome
MERS coronavirusBetacoronavirus,
Coronaviridae
Human, Tomb batZoonosisRespiratoryGenomeProteome
Measles virusMorbilivirus,
Paramyxoviridae
HumanRespiratoryFever, rashGenomeProteome
Mengo encephalomyocarditis virusCardiovirus,
Picornaviridae
Human, mouse, rabbitZoonosisEncephalitisNot availableProteome
Merkel cell polyomavirusPolyomavirus,
Polyomaviridae
Human-Merkel cell carcinoma GenomeProteome
Mokola virusLyssavirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, rodents, cat, dog shrewZoonosis, animal biteEncephalitis GenomeProteome
Molluscum contagiosum virusMolluscipoxvirus,
Poxviridae
HumanContactSkin lesionsGenomeProteome
Monkeypox virusOrthopoxvirus,
Poxviridae
Human, mouse, prairie dogZoonosis, contactSkin lesionsGenomeProteome
Mumps virusRubulavirus,
Paramyxoviridae
HumanRespiratory, salivaMumpsGenomeProteome
Murray valley encephalitis virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteEncephalitisGenomeProteome
New York virusHantavirus,
Bunyavirus
Human, mouseZoonosis, urine, salivaHemorrhagic feverNot availableNot available
Nipah virusHenipavirus,
Paramyxoviridae
Human, batsZoonosis, animal biteEncephalitisGenomeProteome
Norwalk virusNorovirus,
Caliciviridae
HumanFecal-oralGastroenteritisGenomeProteome
O’nyong-nyong virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint painGenomeProteome
Orf virusParapoxvirus,
Poxviridae
Human, mammalsZoonosis, contactSkin lesionsGenomeProteome
Oropouche virusOrthobunyavirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, wild animals(sloths)Zoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint pain1, 2, 3 Proteome
Pichinde virusArenavirus,
Arenaviridae
Human, rat, guinea pigZoonosis, fomiteHemorrhagic fever1, 2Proteome
PoliovirusEnterovirus,
Picornaviridae
Human, mammalsFecal-oralPoliomyelitisGenomeProteome
Punta toro phlebovirusPhlebovirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, sandfliesZoonosis, arthropod biteHemorrhagic feverNot availableNot available
Puumala virusHantavirus,
Bunyavirus
Human, bank voleZoonosis, urine, salivaHemorrhagic fever1, 2, 3Proteome
Rabies virusLyssavirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, mammalsZoonosis, animal biteFatal encephalitisGenomeProteome
Rift valley fever virusPhlebovirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, mammals, mosquitoes, sandfliesZoonosis, arthropod biteHemorrhagic fever1, 2, 3Proteome
Rosavirus ARosavirus,
Picornaviridae
Human GenomeProteome
Ross river virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, mosquitoes, marsupialsZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint painGenomeProteome
Rotavirus ARotavirus,
Reoviridae
HumanFecal-oralGastroenteritis1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Proteome
Rotavirus BRotavirus,
Reoviridae
HumanFecal-oralGastroenteritis1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Proteome
Rotavirus CRotavirus,
Reoviridae
HumanFecal-oralGastroenteritis1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Proteome
Rubella virusRubivirus,
Togaviridae
HumanRespiratoryRubellaGenomeProteome
Sagiyama virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, horse, pig, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint painNot availableProteome
Salivirus ASalivirus,
Picornaviridae
HumanGastroenteritisGenomeProteome
Sandfly fever sicilian virusPhlebovirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, sandfliesZoonosis, arthropod biteHemorrhagic feverNot availableNot available
Sapporo virusSapovirus,
Caliciviridae
HumanFecal-oralGastroenteritisGenomeProteome
Semliki forest virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, birds, hedgehog, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint painGenomeProteome
Seoul virusHantavirus,
Bunyavirus
Human, ratsZoonosis, urine, salivaHemorrhagic fever1, 2, 3Proteome
Simian foamy virusSpumavirus,
Retroviridae
Human, monkeysZoonosis, contactNoneGenomeProteome
Simian virus 5Rubulavirus,
Paramyxoviridae
Human, dogZoonosis, contactUndocumentedNot availableProteome
Sindbis virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, birds, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint painGenomeProteome
Southampton virusNorovirus,
Caliciviridae
HumanFecal-oralGastroenteritisNot availableProteome
St. louis encephalitis virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, birds, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteEncephalitisGenomeProteome
Tick-borne powassan virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, ticksZoonosis, arthropod biteEncephalitisGenomeProteome
Torque teno virusAlphatorquevirus,
Anelloviridae
HumanSexual, bloodNoneGenomeProteome
Toscana virusPhlebovirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteHemorrhagic fever1, 2, 3Proteome
Uukuniemi virusPhlebovirus,
Bunyaviridae
Human, ticksZoonosis, arthropod biteHemorrhagic fever1, 2, 3Proteome
Vaccinia virusOrthopoxvirus,
Poxviridae
Human, mammalsContactNoneGenomeProteome
Varicella-zoster virusVaricellovirus,
Herpesviridae
HumanRespiratory, contactVaricellaGenomeProteome
Variola virusOrthopoxvirus,
Poxviridae
HumanRespiratoryVariolaGenomeProteome
Venezuelan equine encephalitis virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, rodents, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint painGenomeProteome
Vesicular stomatitis virusVesiculovirus,
Rhabdoviridae
Human, cattle, horse, pig, fliesZoonosis, athropod biteEncephalitisGenomeProteome
Western equine encephalitis virusAlphavirus,
Togaviridae
Human, vertebrates, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint painGenomeProteome
WU polyomavirusPolyomavirus,
Polyomaviridae
HumanRespiratory fluids or urineNoneGenomeProteome
West Nile virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, birds, ticks, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteHemorrhagic feverGenomeProteome
Yaba monkey tumor virusOrthopoxvirus,
Poxviridae
Human, monkeysZoonosis, contactNoneGenomeProteome
Yaba-like disease virusOrthopoxvirus,
Poxviridae
Human, monkeysZoonosis, contactNoneGenome
Yellow fever virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, monkeys, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteHemorrhagic feverGenomeProteome
Zika virusFlavivirus,
Flaviviridae
Human, monkeys, mosquitoesZoonosis, arthropod biteFever, joint pain, rashGenomeProteome