Circularization of infecting DNA within the host cell is a rather common amongst bacterial viruses to protect the viral genome ends from nucleases, to convert the linear genome to an integrative precursor or to give rise to the replicative form of the genome.
Circularization, also known as cyclization, can be mediated by covalent closure of the DNA "sticky" ends, recombinaison between redundant terminal sequences or via the binding of a protein at the viral DNA extremities.
|Virus||Family||Circularization mechanism||Viral protein||Ref.|
|Phage Mu||Myoviridae||Circularization protein (non-covalent)||Protein N|
|Phage lambda||Siphoviridae||Cohesive (sticky) ends||-|
Recombinational circularization of Salmonella phage P22 DNA
S Weaver, M Levine
Virology January 1977; 76: 29-38
Genome of bacteriophage P1
Ma?gorzata B ?obocka, Debra J Rose, Guy Plunkett 3rd, Marek Rusin, Arkadiusz Samojedny, Hansj?rg Lehnherr, Michael B Yarmolinsky, Frederick R Blattner
J. Bacteriol. November 2004; 186: 7032-7068
|Phage N15||Siphoviridae||Cohesive (sticky) ends||-||
Conversion of linear DNA with hairpin telomeres into a circular molecule in the course of phage N15 lytic replication
Mardanov AV, Ravin NV
J Mol Biol. August 2009; 391: 261-8