Viral genome ejection through host cell envelope

Tailed bacterial viruses possess are able to enter bacterias by piercing host envelope with their tail. The latter can be long and contractile (e.g. Myoviridae ), long and flexible (e.g. Siphoviridae ) or short(e.g. Podoviridae ).

noncontractile long noncontractile contractile

Delivery into the cell cytoplasm requires ejection of the viral genome from the icosahedral capsid through the tail tube and/or a channel .

Matching UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries

138 entries grouped by strain (browse by keywords)

7 entries

Escherichia phage lambda (Bacteriophage lambda) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
TMP_LAMBD Tape measure protein (TMP) (Gene product H) (gpH) (Minor tail protein H) [Cleaved into: Entry ...
TTTP_LAMBD Tail tube terminator protein (TrP) (Gene product U) (gpU) (Minor tail protein U) (Tail ...
TIPL_LAMBD Tail tip protein L
TIPM_LAMBD Tail tip protein M
TUBE_LAMBD Tail tube protein (TTP) (Gene product V) (gpV) (Major tail protein V)
TIPJ_LAMBD Tip attachment protein J (Central tail fiber) (Host specificity protein J)
PORTL_LAMBD Portal protein B (GpB) (Minor capsid protein B) [Cleaved into: Protein B*]

6 entries

Bacillus phage SPP1 (Bacteriophage SPP1) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
TUBE_BPSPP Tail tube protein gp17.1* (TTP) (Gene product 17.1) (gp17.1) (Major tail protein) (MTP)
HCP16_BPSPP Head completion protein gp16 (Connector protein gp16) (Gene product 16) (Gp16) (Stopper protein ...
PORTL_BPSPP Portal protein (Gene product 6) (gp6) (Portal vertex protein)
HCP15_BPSPP Head completion protein gp15 (HCP) (Connector protein gp15) (Gene product 15) (Gp15)
FIBER_BPSPP Tail spike protein (TSP) (Gene product 21) (Gp21)
DIT_BPSPP Distal tail protein (Dit) (Gene product 19.1) (Gp19.1)

6 entries

Escherichia phage T7 (Bacteriophage T7) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
TUBE2_BPT7 Tail tubular protein gp12 (Gene product 12) (Gp12)
EXLYS_BPT7 Peptidoglycan transglycosylase gp16 (EC 4.2.2.n1) (Internal core protein gp16)
TUBE1_BPT7 Tail tubular protein gp11 (Gene product 11) (Gp11)
PORTL_BPT7 Portal protein (Gene product 8) (Gp8) (Head-to-tail connector)
GP15_BPT7 Internal virion protein gp15 (Gene product 15) (Gp15)
GP14_BPT7 Internal virion protein gp14 (Gene product 14) (Gp14)

6 entries

Lactococcus phage SK1 (Lactococcus lactis bacteriophage SK1) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
DIT_BPLSK Distal tail protein (Dit) (Gene product 15) (Gp15)
TUBE_BPLSK Tail tube protein (TTP) (Gene product 11) (gp11) (Major tail protein) (MTP)
PORTL_BPLSK Probable portal protein (Gene product 4) (gp4) (Putative portal protein)
HCP2_BPLSK Probable head completion protein 2 (Connector protein gp9) (Gene product 9) (gp9) (Putative stopper ...
GP16_BPLSK Baseplate protein gp16 (Exolysin) (Gene product 16) (Gp16) (Tail lysozyme-like) (Tail-associated ...
HCP1_BPLSK Probable head completion protein 1 (HCP1) (Connector protein gp8) (Putative connector protein gp8)

6 entries

Lactococcus phage p2 (Lactococcus lactis bacteriophage p2) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
TUBE_BPLP2 Tail tube protein (TTP) (Gene product 11) (gp11) (Major tail protein) (MTP)
DIT_BPLP2 Distal tail protein (Dit) (Gene product 15) (Gp15)
HCP2_BPLP2 Probable head completion protein 2 (Connector protein gp9) (Gene product 9) (gp9) (Stopper protein ...
GP16_BPLP2 Baseplate protein gp16 (Gene product 16) (Gp16) (Tail-associated lysine-like protein)
HCP1_BPLP2 Probable head completion protein 1 (HCP1) (Connector protein gp8)
PORTL_BPLP2 Probable portal protein (Gene product 4) (gp4)

6 entries

Salmonella phage P22 (Bacteriophage P22) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
PORTL_BPP22 Portal protein (Gene product 1) (Gp1) (Head-to-tail connector)
NEEDL_BPP22 Tail needle protein gp26 (Head completion protein) (Packaged DNA stabilization protein) (Tail ...
GP20_BPP22 Internal virion protein gp20 (Ejection protein gp20) (E protein gp20)
GP7_BPP22 Internal virion protein gp7 (Ejection protein gp7) (E protein gp7)
EXLYS_BPP22 Peptidoglycan hydrolase gp4 (Gene product 4) (Gp4) (Internal virion protein gp4) (Tail adapter ...
GP16_BPP22 Internal virion protein gp16 (Ejection protein gp16) (E protein gp16)

5 entries

Acyrthosiphon pisum secondary endosymbiont phage 1 (Bacteriophage APSE-1) reference strain

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VP33_BPAPS Putative DNA transfer protein p33
VP32_BPAPS Putative DNA transfer protein p32
VP35_BPAPS Putative DNA transfer protein p35
PORTL_BPAPS Portal protein (Gene product 19) (Gp19) (Head-to-tail connector)
EXLYS_BPAPS Peptidoglycan hydrolase gp27 (Gene product 27) (Gp27) (Internal virion protein gp27)

5 entries

Escherichia phage Mu (Bacteriophage Mu) reference strain

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TSP_BPMU Tail sheath protein (TSP) (Gene product 39) (gp39) (Gene product L) (gpL)
TUBE_BPMU Tail tube protein (TTP) (Gene product 40) (gp40) (Gene product M) (gpM)
BP45_BPMU Baseplate puncturing device gp45 (Baseplate spike protein) (Gene product 45) (gp45) (Gene product Q) ...
BP44_BPMU Baseplate hub protein gp44 (43 kDa tail protein) (Gene product 44) (gp44) (Gene product P) (gpP)
PORTL_BPMU Portal protein (Gene product 29) (gp29) (Gene product H) (gpH) (Head-tail connector)

5 entries

Escherichia phage N15 (Bacteriophage N15) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
TMP_BPN15 Tape measure protein (TMP) (Gene product 16) (gp16)
TIPL_BPN15 Tail tip protein L (Gene product 18) (gp18)
TTTP_BPN15 Tail tube terminator protein (TrP) (Gene product 12) (gp12) (Tail-to-head joining protein) (THJP)
TIPM_BPN15 Tail tip protein M (Gene product 17) (gp17)
PORTL_BPN15 Portal protein [Cleaved into: Protein B*]

4 entries

Bacillus phage phi29 (Bacteriophage phi-29) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
TUB11_BPPH2 Proximal tail tube connector protein (Gene product 11) (gp11) (Lower collar protein) (Protein p11)
PORTL_BPPH2 Portal protein (Connector protein) (Gene product 10) (gp10) (Gene product 19) (gp19) (Head-to-tail ...
GP13_BPPH2 Morphogenesis protein 1 (Gene product 13) (gp13) (Protein p13) [Includes: Lysozyme-like glycosidase ...
DIT9_BPPH2 Tail knob protein gp9 (Distal tube protein) (Gene product 9) (gp9) (Protein p9)

4 entries

Enterobacteria phage PRD1 (Bacteriophage PRD1) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
VP32_BPPRD Protein P32
VP18_BPPRD Protein P18 (GpM) (Protein M)
VP11_BPPRD Infectivity protein P11
EXLYS_BPPRD Transglycosylase (EC 4.2.2.n1) (Protein P7)

4 entries

Enterobacteria phage T4 (Bacteriophage T4) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
PORTL_BPT4 Portal protein (Gene product 20) (gp20)
TUBE_BPT4 Tail tube protein gp19 (Gene product 19) (gp19)
BP5_BPT4 Baseplate central spike complex protein gp5 (Peptidoglycan hydrolase gp5) (EC 3.2.1.17) (Protein ...
TSP_BPT4 Tail sheath protein (TSP) (Gene product 18) (gp18)

4 entries

Escherichia phage T5 (Enterobacteria phage T5) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
TUBE_BPT5 Tail tube protein (TTP) (Tail protein pb6)
TTTP_BPT5 Tail tube terminator protein (TrP) (Tail protein p142) (Tail-to-head joining protein) (THJP)
TMP_BPT5 Probable tape measure protein (Tail protein pb2)
PORTL_BPT5 Portal protein (Capsid protein pb7)

3 entries

Enterobacteria phage phiX174 (Isolate Sanger) (Bacteriophage phi-X174) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
CAPSD_BPPHS Capsid protein F (F protein) (GPF)
G_BPPHS Major spike protein G (G protein) (GPG)
H_BPPHS Minor spike protein H (H protein) (Pilot protein)

3 entries

Escherichia phage G4 (Bacteriophage G4) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
CAPSD_BPG4 Capsid protein F (F protein) (GPF)
VGH_BPG4 Minor spike protein (H protein) (Pilot protein)
G_BPG4 Major spike protein G (G protein) (GPG)

3 entries

Escherichia phage P2 (Bacteriophage P2) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
TUBE_BPP2 Tail tube protein (TTP) (Protein FII)
TSP_BPP2 Tail sheath protein (TSP) (Major tail sheath protein) (Protein FI)
PORTL_BPP2 Probable portal protein (GpQ)

3 entries

Escherichia phage alpha3 (Bacteriophage alpha-3) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
VGH_BPAL3 Minor spike protein (H protein) (Pilot protein)
CAPSD_BPAL3 Capsid protein F (F protein) (GPF)
G_BPAL3 Major spike protein G (G protein) (GPG)

3 entries

Vibrio phage KVP40 (isolate Vibrio parahaemolyticus/Japan/Matsuzaki/1991) (KVP40) (Bacteriophage KVP40) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
TSP_BPKVM Tail sheath protein (TSP)
PORTL_BPKVM Portal protein (gp20)
NEEDL_BPKVM Protein Gp5

2 entries

Bacillus phage SP01 (Bacteriophage SP01) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
TSP_BPSP1 Tail sheath protein (TSP)
PORTL_BPSP1 Probable portal protein

2 entries

Clostridium phage phiCD119 (strain Clostridium difficile/United States/Govind/2006) (Bacteriophage phiCD119) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
PORTL_BPPCD Portal protein (Portal vertex protein)
TSP_BPPCD Tail sheath protein (TSP)

2 entries

Enterobacteria phage SP6 (Bacteriophage SP6) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
EXLYS_BPSP6 Peptidoglycan hydrolase gp36 (Gene product 36) (Gp36)
PORTL_BPSP6 Portal protein (Head-to-tail connector)

2 entries

Escherichia phage T1 (Bacteriophage T1) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
TMP_BPT1 Tape measure protein (TMP) (Gene product 38) (gp38)
PORTL_BPT1 Portal protein (Gene product 26) (Gp26) (Head-to-tail connector)

2 entries

Pseudomonas phage phiKMV reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
PORTL_BPKMV Portal protein (Head-to-tail connector)
EXLYS_BPKMV Peptidoglycan hydrolase gp36 (EC 3.2.1.17) (Gene product 36) (Gp36)

2 entries

Salmonella phage ViI reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
TSP_BPSAV Tail sheath protein (TSP)
PORTL_BPSAV Portal protein (gp20)

2 entries

Staphylococcus phage Twort (strain DSM 17442 / HER 48) (Bacteriophage Twort) reference strain

Select_allDeselect_all
TSP_BPTWO Tail sheath protein (TSP)
PORTL_BPTWO Probable portal protein

1 entry

Bacillus phage Nf (Bacteriophage Nf) reference strain

DIT9_BPNF Tail knob protein gp9 (Distal tube protein) (Gene product 9) (gp9) (Protein p9) (Tail protein)

1 entry

Bacillus phage SPbeta (Bacillus phage SPBc2) (Bacteriophage SP-beta) reference strain

TMP_BPSPB Probable tape measure protein (TMP) (Transglycosylase) (EC 4.2.2.n1)

1 entry

Bdellovibrio phage phiMH2K (Bacteriophage phiMH2K) reference strain

H_BPPHM Minor spike protein H (H protein) (Pilot protein) (Protein VP2) (VP2)

1 entry

Bordetella phage BPP-1 reference strain

PORTL_BPBPP Probable portal protein (Gene product 21) (gp21) (Head-to-tail connector)

1 entry

Burkholderia phage BcepMu (isolate -/United States/Summer/2002) (Bacteriophage BcepMu) reference strain

TSP_BPBMU Tail sheath protein (TSP)

1 entry

Chlamydia phage 1 (Bacteriophage Chp1) reference strain

H_BPCHP Minor spike protein H (H protein) (Pilot protein) (Protein VP2) (VP2)

1 entry

Enterobacteria phage N4 (Bacteriophage N4) reference strain

PORTL_BPN4 Probable portal protein (94 kDa protein) (Gene product 59) (gp59) (Head-to-tail connector)

1 entry

Enterococcus phage phiEF24C (Enterococcus bacteriophage phi-EF24C) reference strain

PORTL_BPPHE Probable portal protein

1 entry

Haemophilus phage HP1 (strain HP1c1) (Bacteriophage HP1) reference strain

PORTL_BPHC1 Probable portal protein (ORF15)

1 entry

Halomonas phage phiHAP-1 (isolate -/Gulf of Mexico/-/2001) (Bacteriophage phiHAP-1) reference strain

PORTL_BPHA1 Probable portal protein

1 entry

Helicobacter pylori bacteriophage KHP30 reference strain

PORTL_BPKHP Portal protein (Head-to-tail connector gp8) (Putative portal protein ORF17)

1 entry

Mycobacterium phage Bxz1 (Mycobacteriophage Bxz1) reference strain

TSP_BPMBZ Tail sheath protein (TSP) (Gene product 124) (gp124)

1 entry

Mycobacterium phage D29 (Mycobacteriophage D29) reference strain

PORTL_BPMD2 Portal protein (Gene product 14) (gp14) (Portal vertex protein)

1 entry

Mycobacterium phage L5 (Mycobacteriophage L5) reference strain

PORTL_BPML5 Portal protein (Gene product 14) (gp14) (Portal vertex protein)

1 entry

Pseudomonas phage PAJU2 reference strain

TMP_BPPAJ Tape measure protein (TMP) (ORF10 protein) (Structural protein 1)

1 entry

Salmonella phage HK620 (Bacteriophage HK620) reference strain

VG07_BPHK6 DNA transfer protein gp7

1 entry

Salmonella phage ST64T (Bacteriophage ST64T) reference strain

VG07_BPST6 DNA transfer protein gp7

1 entry

Salmonella phage epsilon15 reference strain

PORTL_BPE15 Portal protein (Head-to-tail connector)

1 entry

Spiroplasma virus 4 (SpV4) reference strain

H_SPV4 Minor spike protein H (H protein) (Pilot protein)

1 entry

Staphylococcus phage 44AHJD reference strain

PORTL_BP44A Portal protein (Connector protein) (Gene product 19) (gp19) (Head-to-tail connector) (Probable ...

1 entry

Streptomyces phage phiC31 (Bacteriophage phi-C31) reference strain

PORTL_BPPHC Probable portal protein

3 entries

Bacillus phage B103 (Bacteriophage B103)

Select_allDeselect_all
PORTL_BPB03 Portal protein (Gene product 10) (gp10) (Head-to-tail connector) (Upper collar protein)
TUB11_BPB03 Proximal tail tube connector protein (Gene product 11) (gp11) (Lower collar protein) (Protein p11)
DIT9_BPB03 Tail knob protein gp9 (Distal tube protein) (Gene product 9) (gp9) (Protein p9)

3 entries

Bacillus phage PZA (Bacteriophage PZA)

Select_allDeselect_all
TUB11_BPPZA Proximal tail tube connector protein (Gene product 11) (gp11) (Lower collar protein) (Protein p11)
DIT9_BPPZA Tail knob protein gp9 (Distal tube protein) (Gene product 9) (gp9) (Protein p9)
PORTL_BPPZA Portal protein (Connector protein) (Gene product 10) (gp10) (Gene product 19) (gp19) (Head-to-tail ...

3 entries

Enterobacteria phage S13 (Bacteriophage S13)

Select_allDeselect_all
VGH_BPS13 Minor spike protein (H protein) (Pilot protein)
G_BPS13 Major spike protein G (G protein) (GPG)
CAPSD_BPS13 Capsid protein F (F protein) (GPF)

3 entries

Enterobacteria phage phiK (Bacteriophage phi-K)

Select_allDeselect_all
CAPSD_BPPHK Capsid protein F (F protein) (GPF)
VGH_BPPHK Minor spike protein (H protein) (Pilot protein)
G_BPPHK Major spike protein G (G protein) (GPG)

2 entries

Serratia phage KSP20 (Serratia marcescens bacteriophage KSP20)

Select_allDeselect_all
TAILC_BPSK2 Major tail tube protein (GpFII-like protein) (Virion protein C)
TSP_BPSK2 Major tail sheath protein (Virion protein A)

1 entry

Enterobacteria phage HK97 (Bacteriophage HK97)

PORTL_BPHK7 Portal protein (GP3)

1 entry

Enterobacteria phage P21 (Bacteriophage 21) (Bacteriophage P21)

PORTL_BPP21 Portal protein B (GpB) (Minor capsid protein B)

1 entry

Enterobacteria phage T3 (Bacteriophage T3)

PORTL_BPT3 Portal protein (Gene product 8) (Gp8) (Head-to-tail connector)

1 entry

Enterobacteria phage T6 (Bacteriophage T6)

TUBE_BPT6 Tail tube protein gp19 (Gene product 19) (gp19)

1 entry

Lactococcus phage F4-1 (Lactococcus lactis bacteriophage F4-1)

TUBE_BPF41 Tail tube protein (TTP) (Major tail protein) (MTP)

1 entry

Serratia phage KSP90 (Serratia marcescens bacteriophage KSP90)

TUBE_BPSK9 Tail tube protein (Virion protein F)