Viral genome ejection through host cell envelope

Tailed bacterial viruses possess are able to enter bacterias by piercing host envelope with their tail. The latter can be long and contractile (e.g. Myoviridae ), long and flexible (e.g. Siphoviridae ) or short(e.g. Podoviridae ).

noncontractile long noncontractile contractile

Delivery into the cell cytoplasm requires ejection of the viral genome from the icosahedral capsid through the tail tube and/or a channel .

Matching UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries

130 entries grouped by protein (browse by keywords)

All proteins are shown (view only 122 complete proteome entries)

1 entry

Baseplate hub protein gp44 (43 kDa tail protein) (Gene product 44) (gp44) (Gene product P) (gpP)

BP44_BPMU
Escherichia phage Mu (Bacteriophage Mu) reference strain

1 entry

Baseplate puncturing device gp45 (Baseplate spike protein) (Gene product 45) (gp45) (Gene product Q) (gpQ)

BP45_BPMU
Escherichia phage Mu (Bacteriophage Mu) reference strain

1 entry

Baseplate central spike complex protein gp5 (Peptidoglycan hydrolase gp5) (EC 3.2.1.17) (Protein Gp5)

BP5_BPT4
Enterobacteria phage T4 (Bacteriophage T4) reference strain

3 entries

Distal tail protein (Dit) (Gene product 15) (Gp15)

Select_allDeselect_all
DIT_BPLSK
Lactococcus phage SK1 (Lactococcus lactis bacteriophage SK1) reference strain
DIT_BPSPP
Bacillus phage SPP1 (Bacteriophage SPP1) reference strain

Distal tail protein (Dit) (Gene product 19.1) (Gp19.1)

DIT_BPLP2
Lactococcus phage p2 (Lactococcus lactis bacteriophage p2)

4 entries

Tail knob protein gp9 (Distal tube protein) (Gene product 9) (gp9) (Protein p9)

Select_allDeselect_all
DIT9_BPNF
Bacillus phage Nf (Bacteriophage Nf) reference strain

Tail knob protein gp9 (Distal tube protein) (Gene product 9) (gp9) (Protein p9) (Tail protein)

DIT9_BPPH2
Bacillus phage phi29 (Bacteriophage phi-29) reference strain
DIT9_BPB03
Bacillus phage B103 (Bacteriophage B103)
DIT9_BPPZA
Bacillus phage PZA (Bacteriophage PZA)

6 entries

Peptidoglycan hydrolase gp27 (Gene product 27) (Gp27) (Internal virion protein gp27)

Select_allDeselect_all
EXLYS_BPAPS
Acyrthosiphon pisum secondary endosymbiont phage 1 (Bacteriophage APSE-1) reference strain
EXLYS_BPKMV
Pseudomonas phage phiKMV reference strain

Peptidoglycan hydrolase gp36 (EC 3.2.1.17) (Gene product 36) (Gp36)

EXLYS_BPP22
Salmonella phage P22 (Bacteriophage P22) reference strain

Peptidoglycan hydrolase gp4 (Gene product 4) (Gp4) (Internal virion protein gp4)

EXLYS_BPPRD
Enterobacteria phage PRD1 (Bacteriophage PRD1) reference strain

Transglycosylase (EC 4.2.2.n1) (Protein P7)

EXLYS_BPSP6
Enterobacteria phage SP6 (Bacteriophage SP6) reference strain

Peptidoglycan hydrolase gp36 (Gene product 36) (Gp36)

EXLYS_BPT7
Enterobacteria phage T7 (Bacteriophage T7) reference strain

Peptidoglycan transglycosylase gp16 (EC 4.2.2.n1) (Internal core protein gp16)

1 entry

Tail spike protein (TSP) (Gene product 21) (Gp21)

FIBER_BPSPP
Bacillus phage SPP1 (Bacteriophage SPP1) reference strain

5 entries

Major spike protein G (G protein) (GPG)

Select_allDeselect_all
G_BPAL3
Enterobacteria phage alpha3 (Bacteriophage alpha-3) reference strain
G_BPG4
Enterobacteria phage G4 (Bacteriophage G4) reference strain
G_BPPHS
Enterobacteria phage phiX174 (Isolate Sanger) (Bacteriophage phi-X174) reference strain
G_BPPHK
Enterobacteria phage phiK (Bacteriophage phi-K)
G_BPS13
Enterobacteria phage S13 (Bacteriophage S13)

1 entry

Morphogenesis protein 1 (Gene product 13) (gp13) (Protein p13)

GP13_BPPH2
Bacillus phage phi29 (Bacteriophage phi-29) reference strain

1 entry

Internal virion protein gp14 (Gene product 14) (Gp14)

GP14_BPT7
Enterobacteria phage T7 (Bacteriophage T7) reference strain

1 entry

Internal virion protein gp15 (Gene product 15) (Gp15)

GP15_BPT7
Enterobacteria phage T7 (Bacteriophage T7) reference strain

2 entries

Baseplate protein gp16 (Exolysin) (Gene product 16) (Gp16) (Tail lysozyme-like) (Tail-associated lysine-like protein)

Select_allDeselect_all
GP16_BPLSK
Lactococcus phage SK1 (Lactococcus lactis bacteriophage SK1) reference strain
GP16_BPLP2
Lactococcus phage p2 (Lactococcus lactis bacteriophage p2)

Baseplate protein gp16 (Gene product 16) (Gp16) (Tail-associated lysine-like protein)

4 entries

Minor spike protein H (H protein) (Pilot protein)

Select_allDeselect_all
H_BPCHP
Chlamydia phage 1 (Bacteriophage Chp1) reference strain

Minor spike protein H (H protein) (Pilot protein) (Protein VP2) (VP2)

H_BPPHM
Bdellovibrio phage phiMH2K (Bacteriophage phiMH2K) reference strain

Minor spike protein H (H protein) (Pilot protein) (Protein VP2) (VP2)

H_BPPHS
Enterobacteria phage phiX174 (Isolate Sanger) (Bacteriophage phi-X174) reference strain
H_SPV4
Spiroplasma virus 4 (SpV4) reference strain

2 entries

Probable head completion protein 1 (HCP1) (Connector protein gp8)

Select_allDeselect_all
HCP1_BPLSK
Lactococcus phage SK1 (Lactococcus lactis bacteriophage SK1) reference strain

Probable head completion protein 1 (HCP1) (Connector protein gp8) (Putative connector protein gp8)

HCP1_BPLP2
Lactococcus phage p2 (Lactococcus lactis bacteriophage p2)

1 entry

Head completion protein gp15 (HCP) (Connector protein gp15) (Gene product 15) (Gp15)

HCP15_BPSPP
Bacillus phage SPP1 (Bacteriophage SPP1) reference strain

1 entry

Head completion protein gp16 (Connector protein gp16) (Gene product 16) (Gp16) (Stopper protein gp16)

HCP16_BPSPP
Bacillus phage SPP1 (Bacteriophage SPP1) reference strain

2 entries

Probable head completion protein 2 (Connector protein gp9) (Gene product 9) (gp9) (Putative stopper protein gp9) (Stopper protein gp9)

Select_allDeselect_all
HCP2_BPLSK
Lactococcus phage SK1 (Lactococcus lactis bacteriophage SK1) reference strain
HCP2_BPLP2
Lactococcus phage p2 (Lactococcus lactis bacteriophage p2)

Probable head completion protein 2 (Connector protein gp9) (Gene product 9) (gp9) (Stopper protein gp9)

2 entries

Protein Gp5

Select_allDeselect_all
NEEDL_BPKVM
Vibrio phage KVP40 (isolate Vibrio parahaemolyticus/Japan/Matsuzaki/1991) (KVP40) (Bacteriophage KVP40) reference strain
NEEDL_BPP22
Salmonella phage P22 (Bacteriophage P22)

Tail needle protein gp26 (Head completion protein) (Packaged DNA stabilization protein) (Tail accessory factor gp26)

37 entries

Probable portal protein

Select_allDeselect_all
PORTL_BP44A
Staphylococcus phage 44AHJD reference strain

Portal protein (Connector protein) (Gene product 19) (gp19) (Head-to-tail connector) (Probable portal protein) (Upper collar protein)

PORTL_BPAPS
Acyrthosiphon pisum secondary endosymbiont phage 1 (Bacteriophage APSE-1) reference strain

Portal protein (Gene product 19) (Gp19) (Head-to-tail connector)

PORTL_BPBPP
Bordetella phage BPP-1 reference strain

Probable portal protein (Gene product 21) (gp21) (Head-to-tail connector)

PORTL_BPE15
Salmonella phage epsilon15 reference strain

Portal protein (Head-to-tail connector)

PORTL_BPHA1
Halomonas phage phiHAP-1 (isolate -/Gulf of Mexico/-/2001) (Bacteriophage phiHAP-1) reference strain
PORTL_BPHC1
Haemophilus phage HP1 (strain HP1c1) (Bacteriophage HP1) reference strain

Probable portal protein (ORF15)

PORTL_BPKHP
Helicobacter pylori bacteriophage KHP30 reference strain

Portal protein (Head-to-tail connector gp8) (Putative portal protein ORF17)

PORTL_BPKMV
Pseudomonas phage phiKMV reference strain

Portal protein (Head-to-tail connector)

PORTL_BPKVM
Vibrio phage KVP40 (isolate Vibrio parahaemolyticus/Japan/Matsuzaki/1991) (KVP40) (Bacteriophage KVP40) reference strain

Portal protein (gp20)

PORTL_BPLSK
Lactococcus phage SK1 (Lactococcus lactis bacteriophage SK1) reference strain

Probable portal protein (Gene product 4) (gp4) (Putative portal protein)

PORTL_BPMD2
Mycobacterium phage D29 (Mycobacteriophage D29) reference strain

Portal protein (Gene product 14) (gp14) (Portal vertex protein)

PORTL_BPML5
Mycobacterium phage L5 (Mycobacteriophage L5) reference strain

Portal protein (Gene product 14) (gp14) (Portal vertex protein)

PORTL_BPMU
Escherichia phage Mu (Bacteriophage Mu) reference strain

Portal protein (Gene product 29) (gp29) (Gene product H) (gpH) (Head-tail connector)

PORTL_BPN15
Escherichia phage N15 (Bacteriophage N15) reference strain
PORTL_BPN4
Enterobacteria phage N4 (Bacteriophage N4) reference strain

Probable portal protein (94 kDa protein) (Gene product 59) (gp59) (Head-to-tail connector)

PORTL_BPP2
Escherichia phage P2 (Bacteriophage P2) reference strain

Probable portal protein (GpQ)

PORTL_BPP22
Salmonella phage P22 (Bacteriophage P22) reference strain

Portal protein (Gene product 1) (Gp1) (Head-to-tail connector)

PORTL_BPPCD
Clostridium phage phiCD119 (strain Clostridium difficile/United States/Govind/2006) (Bacteriophage phiCD119) reference strain

Portal protein (Portal vertex protein)

PORTL_BPPH2
Bacillus phage phi29 (Bacteriophage phi-29) reference strain

Portal protein (Connector protein) (Gene product 10) (gp10) (Gene product 19) (gp19) (Head-to-tail connector) (Probable portal protein) (Protein p10) (Upper collar protein)

PORTL_BPPHC
Streptomyces phage phiC31 (Bacteriophage phi-C31) reference strain
PORTL_BPPHE
Enterococcus phage phiEF24C (Enterococcus bacteriophage phi-EF24C) reference strain
PORTL_BPSAV
Salmonella phage ViI reference strain

Portal protein (gp20)

PORTL_BPSP1
Bacillus phage SP01 (Bacteriophage SP01) reference strain
PORTL_BPSP6
Enterobacteria phage SP6 (Bacteriophage SP6) reference strain

Portal protein (Head-to-tail connector)

PORTL_BPSPP
Bacillus phage SPP1 (Bacteriophage SPP1) reference strain

Portal protein (Gene product 6) (gp6) (Portal vertex protein)

PORTL_BPT1
Escherichia phage T1 (Bacteriophage T1) reference strain

Portal protein (Gene product 26) (Gp26) (Head-to-tail connector)

PORTL_BPT4
Enterobacteria phage T4 (Bacteriophage T4) reference strain

Portal protein (Gene product 20) (gp20)

PORTL_BPT5
Escherichia phage T5 (Enterobacteria phage T5) reference strain

Portal protein (Capsid protein pb7)

PORTL_BPT7
Enterobacteria phage T7 (Bacteriophage T7) reference strain

Portal protein (Gene product 8) (Gp8) (Head-to-tail connector)

PORTL_BPTWO
Staphylococcus phage Twort (strain DSM 17442) (Bacteriophage Twort) reference strain
PORTL_LAMBD
Escherichia phage lambda (Bacteriophage lambda) reference strain

Portal protein B (GpB) (Minor capsid protein B)

PORTL_BPB03
Bacillus phage B103 (Bacteriophage B103)

Portal protein (Gene product 10) (gp10) (Head-to-tail connector) (Upper collar protein)

PORTL_BPHK7
Enterobacteria phage HK97 (Bacteriophage HK97)

Portal protein (GP3)

PORTL_BPLP2
Lactococcus phage p2 (Lactococcus lactis bacteriophage p2)

Probable portal protein (Gene product 4) (gp4)

PORTL_BPP21
Enterobacteria phage P21 (Bacteriophage 21) (Bacteriophage P21)

Portal protein (Head protein Gp4)

PORTL_BPPZA
Bacillus phage PZA (Bacteriophage PZA)

Portal protein (Connector protein) (Gene product 10) (gp10) (Gene product 19) (gp19) (Head-to-tail connector) (Probable portal protein) (Protein p10) (Upper collar protein)

PORTL_BPT3
Enterobacteria phage T3 (Bacteriophage T3)

Portal protein (Gene product 8) (Gp8) (Head-to-tail connector)

1 entry

Major tail tube protein (GpFII-like protein) (Virion protein C)

TAILC_BPSK2
Serratia phage KSP20 (Serratia marcescens bacteriophage KSP20)

1 entry

Tip attachment protein J (Central tail fiber) (Host specificity protein J)

TIPJ_LAMBD
Escherichia phage lambda (Bacteriophage lambda) reference strain

2 entries

Tail tip protein L

Select_allDeselect_all
TIPL_BPN15
Escherichia phage N15 (Bacteriophage N15) reference strain

Tail tip protein L (Gene product 18) (gp18)

TIPL_LAMBD
Escherichia phage lambda (Bacteriophage lambda) reference strain

2 entries

Tail tip protein M

Select_allDeselect_all
TIPM_BPN15
Escherichia phage N15 (Bacteriophage N15) reference strain

Tail tip protein M (Gene product 17) (gp17)

TIPM_LAMBD
Escherichia phage lambda (Bacteriophage lambda) reference strain

3 entries

Probable tape measure protein (TMP) (Transglycosylase) (EC 4.2.2.n1)

Select_allDeselect_all
TMP_BPSPB
Bacillus phage SPbeta (Bacillus phage SPBc2) (Bacteriophage SP-beta) reference strain
TMP_BPT5
Escherichia phage T5 (Enterobacteria phage T5) reference strain

Probable tape measure protein (Tail protein pb2)

TMP_LAMBD
Escherichia phage lambda (Bacteriophage lambda) reference strain

Tape measure protein (TMP) (Gene product H) (gpH) (Minor tail protein H)

11 entries

Tail sheath protein (TSP)

Select_allDeselect_all
TSP_BPBMU
Burkholderia phage BcepMu (isolate -/United States/Summer/2002) (Bacteriophage BcepMu) reference strain
TSP_BPKVM
Vibrio phage KVP40 (isolate Vibrio parahaemolyticus/Japan/Matsuzaki/1991) (KVP40) (Bacteriophage KVP40) reference strain
TSP_BPMBZ
Mycobacterium phage Bxz1 (Mycobacteriophage Bxz1) reference strain

Tail sheath protein (TSP) (Gene product 124) (gp124)

TSP_BPMU
Escherichia phage Mu (Bacteriophage Mu) reference strain

Tail sheath protein (TSP) (Gene product 39) (gp39) (Gene product L) (gpL)

TSP_BPP2
Escherichia phage P2 (Bacteriophage P2) reference strain

Tail sheath protein (TSP) (Major tail sheath protein) (Protein FI)

TSP_BPPCD
Clostridium phage phiCD119 (strain Clostridium difficile/United States/Govind/2006) (Bacteriophage phiCD119) reference strain
TSP_BPSAV
Salmonella phage ViI reference strain
TSP_BPSP1
Bacillus phage SP01 (Bacteriophage SP01) reference strain
TSP_BPT4
Enterobacteria phage T4 (Bacteriophage T4) reference strain

Tail sheath protein (TSP) (Gene product 18) (gp18)

TSP_BPTWO
Staphylococcus phage Twort (strain DSM 17442) (Bacteriophage Twort) reference strain
TSP_BPSK2
Serratia phage KSP20 (Serratia marcescens bacteriophage KSP20)

Major tail sheath protein (Virion protein A)

3 entries

Tail tube terminator protein (TrP) (Gene product 12) (gp12) (Tail-to-head joining protein) (THJP)

Select_allDeselect_all
TTTP_BPN15
Escherichia phage N15 (Bacteriophage N15) reference strain
TTTP_BPT5
Escherichia phage T5 (Enterobacteria phage T5) reference strain

Tail tube terminator protein (TrP) (Tail protein p142) (Tail-to-head joining protein) (THJP)

TTTP_LAMBD
Escherichia phage lambda (Bacteriophage lambda) reference strain

Tail tube terminator protein (TrP) (Gene product U) (gpU) (Minor tail protein U) (Tail sheath-stabilizing protein) (Tail-to-head joining protein) (THJP)

3 entries

Proximal tail tube connector protein (Gene product 11) (gp11) (Lower collar protein) (Protein p11)

Select_allDeselect_all
TUB11_BPPH2
Bacillus phage phi29 (Bacteriophage phi-29) reference strain
TUB11_BPB03
Bacillus phage B103 (Bacteriophage B103)
TUB11_BPPZA
Bacillus phage PZA (Bacteriophage PZA)

11 entries

Tail tube protein (TTP) (Gene product 11) (gp11) (Major tail protein) (MTP)

Select_allDeselect_all
TUBE_BPLSK
Lactococcus phage SK1 (Lactococcus lactis bacteriophage SK1) reference strain
TUBE_BPMU
Escherichia phage Mu (Bacteriophage Mu) reference strain

Tail tube protein (TTP) (Gene product 40) (gp40) (Gene product M) (gpM)

TUBE_BPP2
Escherichia phage P2 (Bacteriophage P2) reference strain

Tail tube protein (TTP) (Protein FII)

TUBE_BPSPP
Bacillus phage SPP1 (Bacteriophage SPP1) reference strain

Tail tube protein gp17.1* (TTP) (Gene product 17.1) (gp17.1) (Major tail protein) (MTP)

TUBE_BPT4
Enterobacteria phage T4 (Bacteriophage T4) reference strain

Tail tube protein gp19 (Gene product 19) (gp19)

TUBE_BPT5
Escherichia phage T5 (Enterobacteria phage T5) reference strain

Tail tube protein (TTP) (Tail protein pb6)

TUBE_LAMBD
Escherichia phage lambda (Bacteriophage lambda) reference strain

Tail tube protein (TTP) (Gene product V) (gpV) (Major tail protein V)

TUBE_BPF41
Lactococcus phage F4-1 (Lactococcus lactis bacteriophage F4-1)

Tail tube protein (TTP) (Major tail protein) (MTP)

TUBE_BPLP2
Lactococcus phage p2 (Lactococcus lactis bacteriophage p2)
TUBE_BPSK9
Serratia phage KSP90 (Serratia marcescens bacteriophage KSP90)

Tail tube protein (Virion protein F)

TUBE_BPT6
Enterobacteria phage T6 (Bacteriophage T6)

Tail tube protein gp19 (Gene product 19) (gp19)

1 entry

Tail tubular protein gp11 (Gene product 11) (Gp11)

TUBE1_BPT7
Enterobacteria phage T7 (Bacteriophage T7) reference strain

1 entry

Tail tubular protein gp12 (Gene product 12) (Gp12)

TUBE2_BPT7
Enterobacteria phage T7 (Bacteriophage T7) reference strain

3 entries

DNA transfer protein gp7

Select_allDeselect_all
VG07_BPHK6
Salmonella phage HK620 (Bacteriophage HK620) reference strain
VG07_BPP22
Salmonella phage P22 (Bacteriophage P22) reference strain
VG07_BPST6
Salmonella phage ST64T (Bacteriophage ST64T) reference strain

1 entry

DNA transfer protein gp16

VG16_BPP22
Salmonella phage P22 (Bacteriophage P22)

1 entry

DNA transfer protein gp20

VG20_BPP22
Salmonella phage P22 (Bacteriophage P22) reference strain

4 entries

Minor spike protein (H protein) (Pilot protein)

Select_allDeselect_all
VGH_BPAL3
Enterobacteria phage alpha3 (Bacteriophage alpha-3) reference strain
VGH_BPG4
Enterobacteria phage G4 (Bacteriophage G4) reference strain
VGH_BPPHK
Enterobacteria phage phiK (Bacteriophage phi-K)
VGH_BPS13
Enterobacteria phage S13 (Bacteriophage S13)

1 entry

Infectivity protein P11

VP11_BPPRD
Enterobacteria phage PRD1 (Bacteriophage PRD1) reference strain

1 entry

Protein P18 (GpM) (Protein M)

VP18_BPPRD
Enterobacteria phage PRD1 (Bacteriophage PRD1) reference strain

2 entries

Protein P32

Select_allDeselect_all
VP32_BPAPS
Acyrthosiphon pisum secondary endosymbiont phage 1 (Bacteriophage APSE-1) reference strain

Putative DNA transfer protein p32

VP32_BPPRD
Enterobacteria phage PRD1 (Bacteriophage PRD1) reference strain

1 entry

Putative DNA transfer protein p33

VP33_BPAPS
Acyrthosiphon pisum secondary endosymbiont phage 1 (Bacteriophage APSE-1) reference strain

1 entry

Putative DNA transfer protein p35

VP35_BPAPS
Acyrthosiphon pisum secondary endosymbiont phage 1 (Bacteriophage APSE-1) reference strain