Alpharicinrhavirus (taxid:2842542)



Unknown, discovered using viral metagenomics. Presumably enveloped, bullet shaped; except for WhTV-1 and RaRLV which lack a gene encoding the G protein and therefore may not be able to assemble an infectious enveloped virion.



Negative-stranded RNA linear genome, about 10 to 12kb in size. Encodes for four to five proteins.

Enzymes: RNA dependent RNA polymerase, RNA guanylyl transferase, mRNA methyltransferase.


The viral RNA dependent RNA polymerase binds the encapsidated genome at the leader region, then sequentially transcribes each genes by recognizing start and stop signals flanking viral genes. mRNAs are capped and polyadenylated by the L protein during synthesis.




  1. Attachment of the viral G glycoproteins to host receptors mediates endocytosis of the virus into the host cell.
  2. Fusion of virus membrane with the vesicle membrane; ribonucleocapsid is released into the cytoplasm.
  3. Sequential transcription , viral mRNAs are capped and polyadenylated by polymerase stuttering in the cytoplasm.
  4. Replication presumably starts when enough nucleoprotein is present to encapsidate neo-synthetized antigenomes and genomes.
  5. The ribonucleocapsid binds to the matrix protein and buds, releasing new virions.
These structures were created with the help of Colabfold by Jason Nomburg, Nathan Price and Jennifer Doudna (ModelArchive).

Bole Tick Virus 2 taxid:1608041

Protein ModelArchive
Glycoprotein ma-jd-viral-65399
Matrix protein ma-jd-viral-11599
Nucleoprotein (Nucleocapsid protein) ma-jd-viral-15152
Putative phosphoprotein ma-jd-viral-64349

Wuhan Tick Virus 1 taxid:1608137

Protein ModelArchive
Nucleoprotein (Nucleocapsid protein) ma-jd-viral-15121
ORF2 ma-jd-viral-51899
ORF3 ma-jd-viral-11611