Bacillarnavirus (taxid:674962)



Non-enveloped, spherical, about 30-32 nm in diameter, pseudo T=3 icosahedral capsid surrounding the naked RNA genome. The capsid consists of a densely-packed icosahedral arrangement of 60 protomers, each consisting of 3 polypeptides.


Monopartite, linear ssRNA(+) genome of 8.8-9.5 kb, polyadenylated, lacking a cap structure, has two major open reading frames (ORFs) that code for two polyproteins. ORF-1 codes for the replicases and ORF-2 codes for the 3 structural proteins. The two ORFs are flanked by a 5'-UTR and a 3'-UTR.


The virion RNA is infectious and serves as both the genome and viral messenger RNA.




  1. Attachement of the virus to host receptors mediates virus internalization.
  2. The viral RNA is translated into a processed polyprotein.
  3. Replication occurs in viral factories made of membrane vesicles derived from the ER. A dsRNA genome is synthesized from the genomic ssRNA(+).
  4. The dsRNA genome is transcribed/replicated thereby providing viral mRNAs/new ssRNA(+) genomes.
  5. New genomic RNA is believed to be packaged into preassembled procapsids.
  6. Virions accumulate in the host cytoplasm forming a crystalline array.
  7. Cell lysis and virus release.