Non-enveloped, head-tail structure. The head is about 60 nm in diameter. The tail is flexible, about 140 nm in length and 8 nm in width, with short brush-like terminal fibers.


Linear, dsDNA genome of about 46 kb with covalently closed hairpin ends, encoding about 60 proteins. The genome has cohesive ends (cos sites) .




  1. Adsorption: The phage attaches to target cell adhesion receptors through its tail fibers.
  2. Ejection of the viral DNA into host cell cytoplasm by long flexible tail ejection system.
  3. Genome circularization
  4. Protelomerase cuts at another site, giving rise to a linear plasmid
  5. Transcription and translation of early genes.
  6. Replication of genomic DNA by dsDNA bidirectional replication.
  7. Transcription and translation of late genes
  8. Assembly of an empty procapsid and packaging of the genome.
  9. Viral tail fiber assembly and viral tail assembly.
  10. Mature virions are released from the cell by lysis.

Matching UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries

15 entries grouped by strain (browse by keywords)

15 entries

Escherichia phage N15 (Bacteriophage N15) reference strain

TIPK_BPN15 Tail tip assembly protein K (Gene product 19) (gp19) (Probable endopeptidase) (EC 3.4.-.-) (Tail ...
TIPM_BPN15 Tail tip protein M (Gene product 17) (gp17)
TTTP_BPN15 Tail tube terminator protein (TrP) (Gene product 12) (gp12) (Tail-to-head joining protein) (THJP)
VG55_BPN15 Protein gp55
TIPI_BPN15 Tail tip assembly protein I (Gene product 20) (gp20)
TIPL_BPN15 Tail tip protein L (Gene product 18) (gp18)
COMPL_BPN15 Tail completion protein (Gene product 11) (gp11) (Tail connector protein) (Tail terminator protein)
CAPSD_BPN15 Major capsid protein (Gene product 8) (Major head protein)
ENLYS_BPN15 SAR-endolysin (EC (Endolysin) (Gene product 54) (gp54) (Lysis protein) (Lysozyme) ...
FII_BPN15 Head-tail joining protein (Gene product 10) (gp10)
DECO7_BPN15 Putative decoration protein (Gene product 7) (gp7)
G_BPN15 Tail assembly protein G (Gene product 14) (gp14) (Gene product G) (gpG) (Minor tail protein G) (Tail ...
GT_BPN15 Tail assembly protein GT (Gene product 15) (gp15) (Gene product GT) (gpGT) (Minor tail protein GT)
PORTL_BPN15 Portal protein [Cleaved into: Protein B*]
TMP_BPN15 Tape measure protein (TMP) (Gene product 16) (gp16)