Enveloped, bullet shaped. 180 nm long and 75 nm wide. Certain plant rhabdoviruses are bacilliform in shape and almost twice the length.


Negative-stranded RNA linear genome, about 11-15 kb in size. Encodes for 5 to six proteins.


The viral RNA dependent RNA polymerase binds the encapsidated genome at the leader region, then sequentially transcribes each genes by recognizing start and stop signals flanking viral genes. mRNAs are capped and polyadenylated by the L protein during synthesis.



  1. Attachment of the viral G glycoproteins to host receptors
  2. Fusion of virus membrane with the vesicle membrane; ribonucleocapsid is released into the cytoplasm.
  3. Sequential transcription , viral mRNAs are capped and polyadenylated by polymerase stuttering in the cytoplasm.
  4. Replication presumably starts when enough nucleoprotein is present to encapsidate neo-synthetized antigenomes and genomes.
  5. The ribonucleocapsid can penetrate in neighboring cells through plasmodesmata transport
  6. The ribonucleocapsid binds to the matrix protein and the budding of particles occurs at a cell membrane, releasing new virions.

Host-virus interaction

Movement through plasmodesmata

Viral movement protein 3of RYSV presumably interacts with host plasmodesmata to allow tubule guided movement of viral genomic material from cell to cell without budding.

Matching UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries

25 entries grouped by strain (browse by keywords)

7 entries

Rice yellow stunt virus (RYSV) (Rice transitory yellowing virus) reference strain

VP6_RYSV Protein 6
MVP_RYSV Movement protein (MP) (Cell-to-cell transport protein) (Protein 3)
PHOSP_RYSV Phosphoprotein (Protein P) (Protein M1)
MATRX_RYSV Matrix protein
NCAP_RYSV Nucleoprotein (NP) (Nucleocapsid protein) (Protein N)
L_RYSV RNA-directed RNA polymerase L (Protein L) (Large structural protein) (Replicase) (Transcriptase) ...
GLYCO_RYSV Glycoprotein

6 entries

Maize mosaic virus (isolate Maize/United States/Reed/2005) (MMV) reference strain

MVP_MMVR Putative movement protein 3 (MP) (Cell-to-cell transport protein) (Protein 3)
PHOSP_MMVR Phosphoprotein (Protein P) (Protein M1)
MATRX_MMVR Matrix protein
NCAP_MMVR Nucleoprotein (NP) (Nucleocapsid protein) (Protein N)
L_MMVR RNA-directed RNA polymerase L (Protein L) (Large structural protein) (Replicase) (Transcriptase) ...
GLYCO_MMVR Glycoprotein

6 entries

Sonchus yellow net virus (SYNV) reference strain

PHOSP_SYNV Phosphoprotein (Protein P) (Protein M1)
MVP_SYNV Movement protein (MP) (Cell-to-cell transport protein) (Protein Sc4)
MATRX_SYNV Matrix protein (M2 protein)
NCAP_SYNV Nucleoprotein (NP) (Nucleocapsid protein) (Protein N)
L_SYNV RNA-directed RNA polymerase L (Protein L) (Large structural protein) (Replicase) (Transcriptase) ...
GLYCO_SYNV Spike glycoprotein

6 entries

Taro vein chlorosis virus (TAVCV) reference strain

PHOSP_TAVCV Phosphoprotein (Protein P) (Protein M1)
MVP_TAVCV Movement protein (MP) (Cell-to-cell transport protein) (Protein 3)
MATRX_TAVCV Matrix protein
NCAP_TAVCV Nucleoprotein (NP) (Nucleocapsid protein) (Protein N)
L_TAVCV RNA-directed RNA polymerase L (Protein L) (Large structural protein) (Replicase) (Transcriptase) ...
GLYCO_TAVCV Glycoprotein