Actin-dependent inwards viral transport

image

In a cell, structures in excess of 20nm require energy-dependent motility to travel through the cytosol. Therefore viruses with entire capsid or large genome entering the cytoplasm utilize molecular motors to move through the cytosol. The majority of viruses use microtubules but some have been described as using actin cytoskeleton.
Actin-dependent transport is induced by viral proteins that interact with actin and/or host cell motor proteins like myosins or that promotes actin polymerization/depolymerization reactions.