Virus Family Viral protein Primary receptor(s) Entry receptor(s) entry mode
Human JC polyomavirus Polyomaviridae, Polyomavirus VP1 Sialic acids [Carbohydrate] HTR2A Clathrin-mediated endocytosis
BK virus Polyomaviridae, Polyomavirus VP1 Sialic acids [Carbohydrate] Gangliosides GD1b and GT1b Caveolin-mediated endocytosis
Mouse polyomavirus mPy Polyomaviridae, Polyomavirus VP1 Sialic acids [Carbohydrate] Ganglioside GD1a Caveolin-mediated endocytosis
Simian virus 40 Polyomaviridae, Polyomavirus VP1 Ganglioside GT1b Caveolin-mediated endocytosis
Herpes simplex virus type 1 Herpesviridae, Simplexvirus gB/gC Heparan sulfate [Polysaccharide] Fusion with host cell membrane
gD TNFRSF14
Nectin-1 and Nectin-2
gH/gL Integrin αV β6
Herpes simplex virus type 2 Herpesviridae, Simplexvirus gB/gC Heparan sulfate [Polysaccharide] Fusion with host cell membrane
gD TNFRSF14
Nectin-1 and Nectin-2
Varicella-zoster virus Herpesviridae, Varicellovirus gB Heparan sulfate [Polysaccharide] Fusion with host cell membrane
gE IDE
Equine herpesvirus-1 Herpesviridae, Varicellovirus gB gC Heparan sulfate [Polysaccharide] Fusion with host cell membrane
gD MHC-I
gH/gL Integrin α4 β1 Fusion at plasma membrane
Equine herpesvirus-4 Herpesviridae, Varicellovirus gD MHC-I Caveolin-mediated endocytosis
Bovine herpesvirus Herpesviridae, Varicellovirus gB /gC Heparan sulfate [Polysaccharide] Fusion with host cell membrane
gD CD155 , Nectin-1
Epstein-Barr virus (HHV-4) Herpesviridae, Lymphocryptovirus gp350 CR1 CR2
gp42 HLA Macropinocytosis
BMRF2 Integrin
Human cytomegalovirus Herpesviridae, Cytomegalovirus gH/gL Heparan sulfate [Polysaccharide] Integrin αV β3 Fusion with host cell membrane
gB Integrin β1 EGFR
Human herpesvirus 6A Herpesviridae, Roseolovirus gQ1/gQ2 CD46 Fusion with host cell membrane
Human herpesvirus 6A Herpesviridae, Roseolovirus gQ1/gQ2 CD46
TNFRSF4
Human herpesvirus 7 Herpesviridae, Roseolovirus gB Heparan sulfate [Polysaccharide] Fusion with host cell membrane
CD4
Human herpesvirus 8 Herpesviridae, Rhadinovirus Heparan sulfate [Polysaccharide] Fusion with host cell membrane
gB Integrin αV β3
Pseudorabies virus Herpesviridae, Varicellovirus gB /gC Heparan sulfate [Polysaccharide] Fusion with host cell membrane
gD CD155 Nectin-1
and Nectin-2
Vaccinia virus Poxviridae
Orthopoxvirus
A27 D8 H3 Heparan sulfate [Polysaccharide] Macropinocytosis
A26 Laminin
Adenovirus subgroups A, C, D, E and F Adenoviridae
Mastadenovirus
Fiber protein CXADR Clathrin-mediated endocytosis
Penton protein Integrin αV
Adenovirus subgroup B Adenoviridae
Mastadenovirus
Fiber protein CD80 -CD86
Adenovirus subgroup B2 and Ad3 Adenoviridae
Mastadenovirus
Fiber protein CD46
HPV16 Papillomaviridae, alphapapillomavirus CD151 Clathrin-mediated endocytosis
Bacteriophage Mu Myoviridae, Mulikevirus Tail fiber protein S Polysaccharide part of LPS Viral genome ejection through host cell envelope