Virus Family Viral protein Receptors Type of molecule Receptor function references entry mode
Human JC polyomavirus Polyomaviridae, Polyomavirus VP1 terminal α(2,6)-linked sialic Carbohydrate attachment
HTR2A G-protein coupled receptor co-attachment Clathrin-mediated endocytosis
BK virus Polyomaviridae, Polyomavirus VP1 α(2,3)-linked sialic acid Carbohydrate attachment Caveolin-mediated endocytosis
Mouse polyomavirus mPy Polyomaviridae, Polyomavirus VP1 α(2,3)-linked sialic Carbohydrate attachment
Integrin α4 β1 Integrin co-attachment Caveolin-mediated endocytosis
Vaccinia virus Poxviridae
Orthopoxvirus
A27 D8 H3 Heparan sulfate
(controversial)
Carbohydrate attachment Macropinocytosis
A26 Laminin Glycoprotein attachment
Adenovirus subgroups A, C, D, E and F Adenoviridae
Mastadenovirus
Fiber protein CXADR Ig-like attachment

Penton protein Integrin αV Integrin attachment, endocytosis

Clathrin-mediated endocytosis
Adenovirus subgroup B Adenoviridae
Mastadenovirus
Fiber protein CD80 -CD86 Ig-like attachment
Adenovirus subgroup B2 and Ad3 Adenoviridae
Mastadenovirus
Fiber protein CD46 Ig-like attachment
-
Herpes simplex virus type 1 Herpesviridae, Simplexvirus Glycoprotein gB Heparan sulfate Carbohydrate attachment
PILRA Ig-like co-attachment
Glycoprotein gC Heparan sulfate Carbohydrate attachment
Glycoprotein gD TNFRSF14 TNFR family attachment Fusion with host cell membrane
PVRL1 Ig-like attachment
3-O-sulfated heparan sulfate carbohydrate attachment
Herpes simplex virus type 2 Herpesviridae, Simplexvirus Glycoprotein gB Heparan sulfate Carbohydrate attachment
Glycoprotein gC Heparan sulfate Carbohydrate attachment
Glycoprotein gD
TNFRSF14
PVRL1 and PVLR2

TNFR family
Ig-like
attachment
Fusion with host cell membrane
Human herpesvirus 6 Herpesviridae, Roseolovirus gQ1/gQ2-gH/gL complex CD46 Ig-like - Fusion with host cell membrane
Bovine herpesvirus Herpesviridae, Varicellovirus Glycoprotein gB -Glycoprotein gC Heparan sulfate Carbohydrate attachment
Glycoprotein gD CD155 , PVRL1 Ig-like attachment Fusion with host cell membrane
Equine herpesvirus Herpesviridae, Varicellovirus Glycoprotein gB Heparan sulfate Carbohydrate attachment
Glycoprotein gC Heparan sulfate Carbohydrate attachment
Glycoprotein gD - - attachment Fusion with host cell membrane
Human herpesvirus 7 Herpesviridae, Roseolovirus Glycoprotein gB CD4 Ig-like attachment Fusion with host cell membrane
Heparan sulfate Carbohydrate -
Human herpesvirus 8 Herpesviridae, Rhadinovirus Glycoprotein gB Integrin αV β3 Integrin attachment Fusion with host cell membrane
Heparan sulfate Carbohydrate
Epstein-Barr virus Herpesviridae, Lymphocryptovirus CR1 Complement receptor attachment
Glycoprotein gp350/220 CR2 Complement receptor attachment
BMRF2 Integrin co-attachment Fusion with host cell membrane
Human cytomegalovirus Herpesviridae, Cytomegalovirus Glycoprotein gB Heparan sulfate Carbohydrate attachment
Integrin β1 co-attachment internalization
PDGF-alpha attachment Tyrosine kinase
Varicella-zoster virus Herpesviridae, Varicellovirus Glycoprotein gB Heparan sulfate

EGFR
Carbohydrate

attachment



Glycoprotein gE IDE - Fusion with host cell membrane
Pseudorabies virus Herpesviridae, Varicellovirus Glycoprotein gB Heparan sulfate Carbohydrate attachment
Glycoprotein gC Heparan sulfate Carbohydrate attachment
Glycoprotein gD
CD155
PVRL1 and PVLR2


Ig-like
attachment
Fusion with host cell membrane
Simian virus 40 Polyomaviridae, Polyomavirus VP1, VP2 and VP3 capsid proteins Gangliosides Carbohydrate attachment Caveolin-mediated endocytosis
MHC class I molecule co-attachment
Human papillomavirus 16 Papillomaviridae, α-papillomavirus Major capsid protein L1 Heparan sulfate Carbohydrate attachment
Integrin α6 Integrin endocytosis

Clathrin-mediated endocytosis
Bacteriophage Mu Myoviridae, Mulikevirus Tail fiber protein S Polysaccharide part of LPS Carbohydrate attachment Viral genome ejection through host cell envelope