Virus Family virion Host function Viral protein Receptor Type Host expression Virus tropism entry mode
Adeno-associated virus type 2,3,8 and 9 Parvoviridae, Parvovirus ssDNA Non-env Human Adhesion VP1, VP2 and VP3 capsid proteins Heparan sulfate Polysaccharide Clathrin-mediated endocytosis
Adeno-associated virus type 2,3,8 and 9 Parvoviridae, Parvovirus ssDNA Non-env Human Entry VP1, VP2 and VP3 capsid proteins Laminin receptor(RPSA) Receptor ubiquitous Clathrin-mediated endocytosis
Bovine parvovirus Parvoviridae, Bocavirus ssDNA Non-env Bovine Adhesion VP1, VP2 and VP3 capsid proteins α2,3 N-linked and O-linked sialic acids Carbohydrate Clathrin-mediated endocytosis
Canine parvovirus Parvoviridae, Parvovirus ssDNA Non-env Dogs Entry VP1, VP2 Transferin receptor (TFRC) Receptor Monocytes, lymphocytes, erythrocytes Monocytes, lymphocytes Clathrin-mediated endocytosis
Feline panleukopenia virus Parvoviridae, Parvovirus ssDNA Non-env Feline Entry VP1, VP2 Transferin receptor (TFRC) Receptor Monocytes, lymphocytes, erythrocytes Monocytes, lymphocytes Clathrin-mediated endocytosis
Human parvovirus B19 Parvoviridae, Erythrovirus ssDNA Non-env Human Adhesion VP1, VP2 Globoside? Glycosphingolipid erythroid progenitor cells, epithelial cells of lung < Clathrin-mediated endocytosis
Human parvovirus B19 Parvoviridae, Erythrovirus ssDNA Non-env Human Entry VP1, VP2 Integrin α5 β1 Adhesion molecule Beta1: Salivary gland? erythroid progenitor cells, epithelial cells of lung Clathrin-mediated endocytosis
Minute virus of mice Parvoviridae, Parvovirus ssDNA Non-env Rodent Adhesion VP1, VP2 alpha 2,3 Sialic acids Carbohydrate ? MVMp:oropharynx epithelial cells
MVMi:lymphocytes, endothelial cells
Clathrin-mediated endocytosis
Porcine circovirus 2 Circoviridae, Circovirus ssDNA Non-env Rodent Adhesion Capsid protein Heparan sulfate polysaccharide ? Clathrin-mediated endocytosis
Porcine circovirus 2 Circoviridae, Circovirus ssDNA Non-env Rodent Adhesion Capsid protein chondroitin sulfate B polysaccharide ? Lymphocytes, macrophages Clathrin-mediated endocytosis
Enterobacteria phage PhiX174 Microviridae,
Microvirus
ssDNA Non-env Bacteria Adhesion Spike G protein LPS? polysaccharide NA NA Viral attachment to host cell pilus